BOWMAN DAIRY COMPANY COLLECTION, 1885-1963

 

Storage:  Box lots (21 boxes, varying sizes)

Accession number:  G1986.0049

 

This descriptive inventory includes:

 

1.  Historical sketch of the Bowman Dairy Company

2.  Description of the collection

3.  Container list, photoprints

4.  Container list, film negatives

5.  Container list, glass negatives

6.  Container list, nitrate negatives

7.  Container list, filmstrips

 

Historical Sketch of the Bowman Dairy Company

 

     During the first half of this century the Bowman Dairy Company was the

largest single distributor of milk in Chicago.  The company had its origins

in downstate Illinois in the 1870's when Johnston R. Bowman of Sandoval

began to independently market his farm's fluid milk in St. Louis.  The

success of this venture led Robert A. Bowman, Johnston's brother, to join

the St. Louis business in 1876.  Four years later the father, Robert A.

Bowman, relinquished farming and assumed leadership.  In 1885 Dr. Comfort

Peck, Robert Bowman's son-in-law, undertook the responsibility of insuring

the quality and safety of Bowman's milk.

 

     That same year the Bowmans expanded into the Chicago area.  After

running operations in both cities for a few years, they decided to con-

centrate solely in Chicago.  The shift was effected in 1891.  The Bowmans

bought the Jersey Milk Company and prospered in joint venture with the

Charles Creamery next door to their offices.  In 1898 it purchases the

Creamery and integrated its distribution of eggs and butter into Bowman

operations.

 

     Johnston R. Bowman became president on the death of his father in 1900.

He moved bottling operations from a central city location to several smaller

plants located in the country nearer to the supply of raw milk.  This deci-

sion was later reversed by Robert A. Bowman, Johnston's successor in 1920.

Expansion and increased sales during the 1920s were countered by the effects

of the Depression on home delivery service during the 1930s.

 

     In 1937 the Bowman Dairy Company, now under the leadership of

Dr. David B. Peck, son of Dr. Comfort Peck, decided on new policies of

product diversification and geographic decentralization.  It began by

acquiring ice cream companies in Chicago, Kenosha and Cleveland.  During

World War II the firm further branched into manufacturing powdered dairy

supplies.  In effort to decentralize its operations, the Bowman Dairy

company bought up many smaller dairies in neighboring states during the

1940s and 1950s.

 

     Dr. Peck's plan was very successful.  By 1948 the Bowman Dairy employed

approximately 4,000 people, it controlled 25% of the fluid milk market in

Chicago, and had a number of subsidiaries in cities throughout the Midwest.

Unfortunately legal disputes beginning in the previous year, charged the

Bowman Dairy and several other large dairies, with violating the Sherman

Anti-Trust Act through market allocations.  Similar suits followed with

litigation which dragged on throughout the 1950s.

 

     Bowman found its marketing strategies severely limited as a result.

Compounding these problems was the shift of consumer patterns of purchasing

dairy products.  Home delivery, a large portion of the Bowman enterprise,

began to diminish.  Business steadily declined after 1959 and the firm was

sold in 1966.

 

 

Description of the Collection

 

     The Bowman Dairy Company collection is arranged alphabetically by

topic.  It consists of photographs, negatives, and film strips regarding

dairy operations from 1885 to 1966.  Included are pictures of Bowman

advertisements and packaging, billboards, broadsides and promotions, such as

complimentary gifts, prize drawings, and dual purpose product containers.

Pictures of Bud and Betty Bowman, advertising personalities, are also

included.

 

     Views of various Bowman buildings consist of receiving and distribution

sites, processing plants, offices in Chicago and nearby Illinois and Wiscon-

sin.  Interior views show equipment and machinery as well as views of the

plants in operation.  Several photographs from the early 1900s reflect the

company's expansion to plant sites in the surrounding countryside.  Delivery

vehicles from turn-of-the-century horse drawn carts to the trailers and

panel trucks of the 1950s are depicted.  Also included are portraits of the

executive staff, the first Board of Directors, salesmen, office personnel,

drivers and dairy operators.  A second grouping of similar topics has

photographs which are oversize and/or mounted on board.

 

     Negatives are arranged by numbers from the original negative sleeves.

Unnumbered sequences were assigned numbers by the processor.  Most negatives

were minimally identified and such information was transcribed from the old

negative wrappers.  Film negatives are frequently copies of earlier photo-

graphic version.  Many negatives have been retouched for greater clarity,

and presumably publication in trade journals.

 

     Many, but not all, negatives have matching prints.  Almost all nitrate

negatives are printed in snapshot form.  Boxes 1 to 3 of 8 x 10 in. glass

negatives correspond to prints in the album entitled Bowman Dairy Company in

Pictures.  The originally unnumbered series of film negatives roughly cor-

respond to prints in the album, Bowman Dairy Company.  Original negative

records from Pontiac E. & E. Company are filed in Box 3.

 

     The photographic collections are accompanied by eighteen reels of movie

film which are cataloged and described elsewhere.  Five reels of 35mm

nitrate film are stored in the nitrate vault.  Thirteen reels of 16mm film

are shelved in the cold storage vault.

 

Location:  Box Lot/6 boxes

           Negative storage/15 boxes

Inventory by:  Diane Ryan

               February 1986

 

Container List, Photoprints

 

Box 1

     1  Advertisements

     2  Advertisements--Promotion

     3  Attack on driver, 1949

     4  Buildings--Country sites

     5     "     --Distributing stations

     6     "     --Receiving stations

     7     "     --Store fronts & offices

     8     "     --Miscellaneous

     9  Dairy farms

    10  Equipment

 

Box 2

     1  Exhibits

     2  Laboratories

     3  Miscellaneous

     4  Office scenes

     5  Operations--Processing

     6      "     --Receiving and distributing

     7  Portraits, A-Z; Unidentified individuals

     8     "     --Bowman family

     9     "     --Executive staff

 

Box 3

     1  Portraits--First Board of Directors

     2     "     --Group

     3  Products and food

     4  Trucks--Flat bed and trailer

     5    "   --Home/wholesale delivery

     6    "   --Miscellaneous

     7  Wagons and carts

     8  Negative records, Pontiac E. & E. Co., 1930-1950

 

Box 4

     1  Album:  Bowman Dairy Company in Pictures [1885-1914]

     2  Album:  Bowman Dairy Company [1885-ca. 1945]

 

Box 5

     1  Conservation

     2  Buildings

     3  Dairy farms

 

Box 6

     1  Equipment, incl. trucks and wagons

     2  Operations, incl. laboratories

     3  Portraits

 

Container List, Film Negatives

 

11 x 14 in. negatives

 

   1163   Cars with women, ca. 1920 (2)

   1299   Marriage license, John Ramsey-Kathleen Sheldrake, 2/28/44

   1324   Truck repair shop/Golf outing-Normal & Berteau St. (6)

  13692   "A tribute of a grand man" [cover? devoted to Michael J. Metzger]

 109045   Egg carton, 1/12/40

 601517   Woman with hat drinking milk

1115020   Woman with tennis racket drinking milk

 

8 x 10 in. negatives

 

Box 1

 

12210     Food:  muffins/coconut cake (3)

16261     Dairy farm, aerial view

16261     Delivering milk (I2)

16261     Bowman Dairy building

16273     Bowman Dairy building

16281     Equipment

16281     Buildings (3)

16236     Operations:  Bottling, aerial view

16258     Bud & Betty Bowman at the dairy farm (2)

16735     Operations

16735     Laboratory, 1944

16735     People drinking milk

16751     Cows grazing/cows herded toward dairy

16801     Operations--Bottling

17225     Bowman Dairy Co., aerial view

17251     Cows in pasture

17277     Julia C. Lathrop Homes, April 1957

17299     Test kitchens? (4)

17474     Dairy farm (3)

21805     P.H. Kemper (3)

21805     M.J. Metzger, Vice-President (2)  

21805     D.C. Peck, Secretary

21843     C.T. Anderson, Ass't. Mgr. central warehouse (2)

21855     Egg plant (8)

21888     Bud & Betty Bowman (10)

21900     Bud Bowman adverstising statement

21900     Bud & Betty Bowman at the dairy farm (7)

22012     Bud Bowman cutout ad (2)

22037     Executive meeting, ca. 1949

22043     Trucks & billboard (4)

22053     Unidentified portrait [E.B. Bowman?]

22115     Bud & Betty Bowman (3)

22144     Milk bottle

22223     J.H.M. Conville (2)

22262     Blood donors truck, 6610 S. Wentworth

 

Box 2

 

22310     Canning tips, August 1943 (U.S. G.P.O.)

22351     Martin Koser (2)

22355     Bud Bowman's paper doll cutouts (2)

22362     Bud Bowman's paper doll cutouts (3)

22363     Fruit pickers (5)

22390     Bud Bowman's paper doll dutouts

22606     Address department (6)

22702     Bud Bowman's buttermilk cartoon

22403     Bud Bowman cutout figure (2)

22851     Cows in pasture (2)

22867     Operations:  Milking cows, etc./Frank Carpouch (8)

22868     Operations:  Clinton, Iowa (4)

23167     "In my merry Oldsmobile" [sheet music] (4)

23512     Flowering branches

25637     Cellophane Christmas tree

24866     Cows in pasture

24993     Bud Bowman's recipe box (2)

26022     Cows

26042     Building, 6/15/49

26146     Cows in pasture

26213     Dog on ship deck

26237     Food:  bread rolls

26331     Television dairy ad, 9/15/49

26360     Girls with cows

26365     Men:  safe drivers

26420     Front cover picture of table setting

26518     First Board of Directors, 11/3/99 (5)

26645     Mr. Metzger

26713     My favorite recipes cookbook

26812     Ice cream party fours

26875     Office murals:  battle ship scenes (3)

26882     Building

26901     Foreign stamps & envelopes (2)

27020     Mrs. Holbrook at United Airlines Terminal food services kitchen,

          4/28/50

27029     Louis Metzger

27040     White deer copy

27190     Phil Kemper's wedding

 

Box 3    

 

27304     Safety Council cartoon (2)

27377     Louis Metzger

27403     Snowball (cake)

27422     Boys and girls drinking milk

27492     Plant & office operation, hand operations only (11)

27496     Telephone courtesy book (11)

27602     Addison plant bottler (3)

27603     Nurse with candle

27605     Operations:  Woman at conveyer belt/man at machine

27607     Operations:  Bottling

27609     Man cleaning milk can

27649     Poster ad for crystal promotion, "Red is going to war," 4/30/51

27987     Globe showing Western Hemisphere

28030     Producing the Bow'an Arrow news organ (5)

38075     Hands holding photographs

28105     F.H. Bremner, Director (2)

28282     Unidentified man

28297     F.H. Kellman

28325     Group presenting watches

28924     Milk cartons for T.V. (6)

29452     Homogenizer

29468     Cottage cheese carton

29497     Cottage cheese set-up/Dari-rich set-up (3)

29538     Bowman executives (2)

29544     Butter cartons set-up

29574     Operations

29600     Luncheon (3)

29604     Trucks

29606     Oranges & juice glasses, July [19--] cover

29620     Old-time milk carriers sketch

29620     Equipment

29630     Dairy month at 121 S. Wabash, June 1956 (2)

29629     Mrs. Cullumn

29640     Meeting (2)

29645     Sublette Creamery, Cislak & Son (3)

29620     Carry-sell display/Mardi Gras incentive promotion (3)

29723     Sewing needles promotion

29733     Cottage cheese containers (2)

29742     John Le Geber banquet, 1924

29736     Food:  cookies/pancakes/pie (I3)

29752     Sour cream glasses (2)

29757     Program in theater:  Audience with balloons/Men on stage (2)

29772     Sta-slim milk

29782     E.J. Larsson

29818     Hands with & without bandage, Red Cross (2)

29798     Foo9d:  cinnamon rolls

29826     Delivery trucks (4)

29886     Joan Medika

29992     Mr. Kuhlman

29996     Dr. David B. Peck, M.D. (died 11/7/57)

30039     Dr. David B. Peck

30041     "Congratulations Leyden"

30058     Cottage cheese recipe book

30066     Bowman official

30158     Richer Dairy, Columbus, Ohio, exterior (2)

30300     Burton F. [Secord?]

250123    Jersey cow

250136    Sail boat

250150    Bud Bowman advertisements, 1948 (7)

250210    Dr. D.C. Peck

250228    Man in box car

250462    Woodcut of milk supply

250485    Easter eggs

250491    Milkman [R.F. Clark?] & no. 4 wagon

250517    Milkman [R.F. Clark?], detail of #250491

250616    Operations:  Milking & canning (5)

250770    Operations:  Bottling room

 

8 x 10 in. negatives

     Numbers assigned by processor.  Many of these negatives correspond to

the prints in the album entitled, Bowman Dairy Company.

 

Box 5

 

1    First Board of Directors

2    River Forest bottling & pasteurizing plant

3    Packaging ice cream, Addison St. plant

4    Roller dryer in operation, Janesville, Wis.

5    Butter maker checking churning operations, Brooklyn, Wis.

6    Raw milk storage at River Forest plant

7    Operator checking controls of high temperature short time pasteurizer,

     River Forest plant

8    Hot wells and large vacuum pan, Brooklyn, Wis.

9    Roller dryer in operation making dry milk, Janesville, Wis.

10   Associate directors of the Bowman Diary Co.

11   Manager's (A.W. Scanlan)  office, West Division

12   Herd of pure Holstein cattle

13   Engine room, LaSalle plant

14   Traffic department, head office

15   Bakery laboratory, head office

16   Ice cream division

17   Egg candling

18   Insulated trucks delivering cans of patron's milk, Janesville, Wis.

19   Bowman ice cream plant, 3551 Addison St.

20   Operation of filling fibre containers, River Forest plant

21   Bottling room, River Forest plant

22   Accounting Dept., head office

23   Milk vending machines (2)

24   Clarifiers and homogenizers, River Forest plant

25   Bacteriological laboratory, head office

26   Cow barn of a Bowman patron showing stanchions

27   Purchasing Dept., head office

28   Ice cream packaging room, Addison St. plant

29   Office of Egg Dept.

30   Egg packing

31   Pure bred herd of Guernseys

32   Office workers

33   West Division & Forest Store Division

34   Big Foot, Ill., country receiving plant on Rte. 14

35   "A safe supply of pure country milk," reprint from an 1885 pamphlet

36   Operations:  Milking cows/Repairing equipment (2)

37   "A good breakfast," Milk Foundation ad, 1954

38   "A good supper," Milk Foundation ad, 1954

39   "A good dinner," Milk Foundation ad, 1954

40   Buildings (3)

41   19th century milk production, wood engravings by J.C. Beard (3)

42   Operations, Elburn, Ill. 1914

 

5 x 7 in. negatives

 

Box 6

 

6349      Glen Johnson

8932      Building/Driver

9075      Equipment

9075      Ice cream canisters

9075      Cows at dairy farm

24907     Cow (Strohmeyer & Carpenter photo. copy neg)

26365     Safety measures for drivers, 9/23/49 (4)

27268     Man receiving award

28080     Cart & wagon, ca. 1900 (copy neg from cabinet card?)

28080     Twin baby boys, 3/25/52

28757     Two executives

29640     Unidentified man

29645     Sublette Creamery, C. Cislak & Son (6)

29689     Mr. Clarke, Jr.

29748     Bowman's Quick Whip (for patent purposes)

29824     Mr. Geiss

29939     Bank of America check for Depression debt (2)

29978     Bud & Betty Bowman

30010     Unidentified couple, ca. 1900 (copy neg)

30078     Mr. Kemper

250019    South Michigan Ave., incl. Conrad Hilton (Louis C. William,     

photographer)

250186    Dairymen (2)

 

4 x 5 in. negatives

 

Box 7

 

7701      Laboratory story (6)

7701      Laboratory story (6)

8932      Parade float

27317     W.R. Atteridge & another vice-president (5)

27349     Men at office, 140 W. Ontario

27359     Man at truck, Rogers Park

27395     Yoenrens at River Forest, 11/13/50

27404     Christmas parade, 11/20/50 (6)

27407     Christmas parade, 11/20/50 (6)

27449     Mr. Chevel & Mr. Shoemaker, Englewood plant (2)

27492     Delivering milk, hand activities only (8)

27492     Girl at mail desk

27492     Meeting

27492     Meeting

27540     Cottage cheese set-up, North Division (4)

27582     Executives at Highland Park plant (6)

27592     Plant people (8)

27609     Operations:  Butter packaging (3)

27733     Robert Walsh (2)

27770     Women office workers at 103rd St. (5)

27824     Executives at desk

27883     Bill Yourans party at Trade Building, 10/22/51

28019     Mr. Schmall? (2)

28076     Unidentified man in chair

28078     Safe driver, 3/19/52

28167     Unidentified father & child (2)

28395     Highland Park man (2)

28593     Sales personnel, 5/13/53

28593     Operations:  Ice cream

28682     Garage foreman at Englewood

29451     Man at Superior plant (2)

29557     Tuscany Hall fair (2)

29578     Ford prize for "Carry-sell" (2)

29594     Boys at 121 S. Wabash (display) (2)

29595     June Dairy Month at 935 E. 79th St.:  Prizes (2)

29596     R.K.O. Starlets at 121 S. Wabash (with Mr. Adamson?) (2)

29602     TV set winner in Whiting, Ind. (2)

29603     Dairy men with prizes? (2)

29605     TV set winners (4)

 

Box 8    

 

29608     Villa Olivia picnic (6)

29609     Associate managers

29611     Powdered milk at 121 S. Wabash

29611     Deerfield Creamery Company (2)

29612     Medinah Country Club golf outing

29614     Robert Schowlow

29619     Children tour Bowman Dairy Co. (3)

29620     Dairy Month at 121 S. Wabash, June 1956 (9)

29624     Unidentified man at 140 W. Ontario (2)

29632     Presentation at 140 W. Ontario (2)

29633     Marv Jordan, West Divsion (2)

29635     Old timers at Ballantine's Restaurant (2)

29637     Mr. Werner (2)

29647     Iranian General (2)

29665     Picnic (4)

29675     Mr. Dolon (2)

29679     Barbeque, 5401 W. 103rd St. (11)

29683     Old timers at Ballantine's Restaurant (2)

29685     Deerfield Creamery

29687     Mr. Kirkland at 4227 S. State (2)

29688     Bud & Betty Bowman (3)

29690     Mr. Napoleon (State St.) (2)

29693     Mr. Ken Swanson (2)

29694     Home office bowling league:  Golf tournament (9)

29695     Carry-sell sign, 846 W. Evergreen (2)

29695     Mr. Ernst, the janitor at 846 W. Evergreen (2)

29698     Operations:  Spray machine & operator, River Forest (3)

29712     Travellers' aid desk at Union Station (2)

29713     Mr. Dewey (2)

29715     Mr. Kuhlman & retiring employee (4)

29716     Ice cream cabinet, per Mr. Brandt (4)

29717     Irving Park plant (7)

29718     Mr. & Mrs. Smessaert at home (2)

 

Box 9

 

29720     Mardi Gras incentive promotion (2)

29723     Man seated/Woman with corsage (4)

29727     "I like Ike" cake cutting

29729     Unidentified couple (2)

29743     Swedish Club dinner (2)

29745     Ice cream display unit

29753     Russian dignitaries

29756     Program in theater/Drawings for prizes (12)

29756     Program in theater, 1958? (10)

29758     Tuberculosis check-up (4)

29764     Mr. Ken Swanson (2)

29765     4-H Club activities (6)

29782     E.J. Larsson (3)

29793     Wm. Pierick at Rogers Park (2)

29794     Product display case, River Forest plant (2)

29804     Dairy man (2)

29822     Birthday party (2)

29840     Mr. Braun & Mr. Benson (4)

29846     Bud Lukas of Adv. display at North Division (2)

29882     Rogers Park men: Witt, Hamilton, Hohs, Long, Thalman (2)

29883     George Snyder (2)

29885     Miss Dairyland (6)

29912     Mr. Pete Gluting (3)

29915     Mr. Samp (2)

29915     Ed Kiulcizk (2)

29919     Rosemary Joyce & group (2)

29933     Art Dalton (2)

29939     Rose Gialdini (2)

29958     Maude Nelson retiring (2)

29974     Henry Baushe/Frank Wallace/Martin Reiter of 140 W. Ontario (6)

30115     Russian visitors at River Forest plant (2)

-----     Goodyear blimp flight (35 mm. strip)

 

8 x 10 in. glass negatives

 

     Numbers assigned by processor.  Many of these negatives correspond to

prints in the album entitled Bowman Dairy Company in Pictures.

 

Box 1

 

1         Receiving station:  Barrington, Ill., 1904

2         Barrington, Ill., interior, 1914

3         Receiving station:  Bristol, Wis.

4              "       "   :     "      "  , 1909

5              "       "   :  Brooklyn, Wis., 1913

6              "       "   :  Clinton, Wis.,1910

7              "       "   :  Crystal Lake, Ill., 1902

8         Crystal Lake, Ill.?

9         Crystal Lake, Ill., interior, 1914

10        Crystal Lake, Ill., interior, 1914

11        Receiving station:  Elburn, Ill.

12             "       "   :  Long Grove, Ill., 1908

13             "       "   :  Mokena, Ill., 1907

14             "       "   :  Palatine, Ill., 1906

 

Box 2    

 

15        Palatine, Ill., interior, 1914

16        Receiving station:  Pingres Grove, Ill., 1912

17             "       "   :  Popular Grove, Ill., 1907

18        Charles Creamery distributing station, 1909

19        Douglas distributing station, 1913

20        Englewood distributing station, 1897

21        Englewood distributing station, 6610-6622 Wentworth Ave., Chicago,

          1911

22        Evanston distributing station, 1900

23        Evanston distributing station, 1913

24        Highland Park distributing station, 1913

25        Head office & North distributing station, 1907

26         "     "    "   "        "          "       "

27         "     "    "   "        "          "   , 1885

28        Irving Park distributing station, 1911

29        Oak Park distributing station, 1898

20        Oak Park distributing station, [after 1911]

 

Box 3

 

31        South distributing station, 1891

32        South distributing station, 1904

33        West distributing station, 1894

34        West Division

35        Delivery service, 1914

36        Men washing milk cans

2837      Directors' room, 153-158 W. Ontario St., 1907

38        Laboratory, bacteriological room, 1912

39        Laboratory, test room, 1912

40        Laboratory

41        Office interior

42        Plant site

43        Phillip Klein storefront

44        J.J. Neville storefront

45-50     Cracked glass negatives

 

3 x 5 in. negatives, cellulose nitrate

     Numbers assigned by processor.

 

Box 1

 

1         Cary, Ill. (2)

2         [Chicago:  Irving Park?] (20)

3         Chicago:  Irving Park (17)

4         Chicago:  North Division Bldg. (6)

5         Chicago:  140 W. Ontario (3)

6         Clinton, Wis. (5)

7         Crystal Lake, Ill. (7)

8         Delavan, Wis. (6)

9         Francesville, Ind. (8)

10        Elburn, Ill. (2)

11        Evanston:  1922 Ridge Ave. (3)

12        Gurnee, Ill. (5)

13        Highland Park Division Bldg. construction (9)

14        Kouts, Ind. (10)

15        Marathon, Ill. (7)

16        Maple Park (2)

17        Marshall, Wis.

18        Mokena, Ill. (7)

19        Nichols, Wis. (15)

20        Oconto, Wis. (8)

21        Ringwood, Ill.

22        Round Lake, Ill. (5)

23        Miscellaneous:  Niagra Falls (10)

24        Unidentified country plants (17)

25        Unidentified country plants (11)

 

Filmstrips

 

"The Story of Bowman Milk"--5 copies/versions, 35 mm.