Chicago Teachers' Federation records, 1864-1968 (bulk 1897-1968)


Descriptive Inventory for the Collection at the Chicago Historical Society

By Lucy F. West, July 1971


© Copyright 2000, Chicago Historical Society, Clark St. at North Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614


Main entry: Chicago Teachers’ Federation

Title: Chicago Teachers’ Federation records 1864-1968 (bulk 1897-1968)

Inclusive dates: 1864-1968 (bulk 1897-1968)

Size: 93 document cases (39 linear feet)

2 microfilm reels of selected fragments of autobiography.

A&M Accession number: 1969.0011.


This descriptive inventory includes:

Historical sketch of the CTF,

Biographical sketch of Margaret Haley,

Description of the collection,

Description of some related materials,

List of online catalog headings,

Provenance statement,

Storage designation,

Container list of box/folder numbers and titles.


Historical sketch of the CTF:

The public education system in Chicago dates from the early 1830s when elementary schools were supported in part by public subscription and by the sale of public lands.  With the incorporation of the City of Chicago in 1837 control of schools was vested in the Common Council of the city.  Administration of the school system was reformed in 1872 when it was delegated to a Board of Education appointed by the Mayor.  By 1891-92, the public schools counted 166,895 pupils and 3,520 teachers and principals.  Despite the fact that public school teachers shared numerous grievances including low salaries, lack of tenure protection, and absence of a pension system, they did not combine on a citywide basis until the last decade of the nineteenth century.


The Chicago Teachers’ Federation, first and for many decades most important of Chicago teachers’ associations, was formed in the spring of 1897.  It was a direct outgrowth of the pension movement of 1894, a loosely-organized, single purpose movement under the leadership of Mrs. Arvilla C. DeLuce, which succeeded in uniting city teachers sufficiently to bring about the adoption of a pension plan in 1895.  The plan, supported by small contributions from member teachers, was criticized on a number of grounds, including actuarial.  To defend the pension plan, answer its critics, and preserve the benefits, a mass meeting of Chicago public school teachers was called for March 6, 1897.  In response to the interest in united action to seek redress of teachers’ grievances manifested at this meeting, a permanent organization, chartered as the Chicago Teachers’ Federation (CTF), was formed.


The Federation’s chief goal in its early years was to elevate the teaching profession through improvement of teachers’ material lot.  It collected signatures on petitions calling for a general salary increase and presented them to the Board of Education.  Success was almost immediate.  In 1898 the Board voted the teachers a pay increase to be added to their salaries in two parts, in 1899 and in 1900.  The success of this campaign stimulated the growth of the young CTF which had 2500 members at the end of its first year.  At that time, and throughout its history, the Federation’s membership was largely made up of elementary school teachers, most of whom were women.  Principals and other administrators were not admitted as members.


Teachers received the stipulated pay increase in 1899.  In 1900, however, the Board maintained that it could not afford to pay the promised second salary advance and even rescinded the first raise.  The CTF reacted vigorously.  Catherine Goggin, a classroom teacher who had been elected president of the organization, planned a program of action to gain public support of the teachers’ cause.  The struggle entered a new phase when Margaret A. Haley, a CTF vice-president, overheard a discussion about a newspaper report on corporate tax-dodging.  She took the matter before the Federation, suggesting that funds for the salary increase could be obtained by equitable application of existing tax law.  Preliminary investigation suggested that the Illinois State Board of Equalization, contrary to state law, allowed public utility companies and other Chicago corporations to pay taxes on tangible assets only, thus avoiding taxes on their capital stock, franchise value, and other intangible assets.


At this point the Federation voted to make Misses Goggin and Haley its financial secretary and business representative respectively and to pay them a salary equal to the maximum then being paid to classroom teachers in Chicago, $87.50 per month.  On behalf of the CTF, a suit for a Writ of Mandamus was entered against the Board of Equalization in Miss Goggin’s name.  Lower court decisions in favor of the teachers were appealed, and in 1907 the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in favor of the Federation petition resulting in payment of $600,000 in back taxes into the City of Chicago treasury.  Further legal action was necessary, however, before Chicago teachers benefited from the suit which they had sponsored.  The Board of Education designated its share of the newly-gained funds to be used for expenses other than payment of salaries, and a second suit was required to compel the Board to pay city teachers the full salaries due them.


At the conclusion of these litigations Misses Goggin and Haley offered to resign from their paid positions in the Federation.  They were retained, however, by vote of the membership, and each was periodically re-elected to her post as long as she lived.  (Miss Goggin died in 1916; Miss Haley in 1939.)  Isaiah T. Greenacre, who was retained as attorney for the CTF in its suit against the Board of Equalization, remained the principal legal advisor of the organization until his death in the 1940s.


In 1902, the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, in order to gain broader support for its efforts to secure benefits for classroom teachers, affiliated with the Chicago Federation of Labor.  The affiliation was a highly controversial action, raised a storm of public protest, and touched off a vigorous debate within the ranks of the CTF itself.  Overcoming the opposition of CTF president Mrs. Ella A. Rowe, who resigned because of the affiliation with the CFL, Margaret Haley prevailed on the membership to support the affiliation decision.


The CTF, realizing that its best hope for bringing about major improvements in teachers’ conditions lay in appointment of sympathetic members to the Board of Education, became active in politics.  In 1905 the Federation campaigned effectively in the mayoral campaign of Edward F. Dunne.  His election and subsequent appointment of a progressive Board of Education began a period of considerable influence for the CTF and progress for public education in Chicago.  The Federation’s success created enemies, however, and in the 1907 election Margaret Haley’s influence at City Hall became a campaign issue.  The defeat of Mayor Dunne by Fred A. Busse was also a defeat for the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.  During the Busse and succeeding administrations the CTF was no longer consulted about appointees to the school board, and its voice in determining school policy was weakened.  The terms of Mayor Busse and his successor Mayor Carter H. Harrison, Jr., were fortunate times for Chicago teachers in one regard, however, for they coincided with the tenure of Ella Flagg Young as Superintendent of Schools, 1907-1915.  Mrs. Young, a former teacher and professor of education, was extremely popular with the teaching body.


In 1915 William Hale Thompson was elected to his first term as Chicago mayor.  He appointed a school board which, except for one member, was hostile to the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.  Under the leadership of its president Jacob M. Loeb, who was strongly opposed to the CTF, the Board passed a rule forbidding teachers to belong to labor unions or to any organization affiliated with trade unions or any organization that had officers, business agents, or other representatives who were not teachers.  In July 1916, in a move widely regarded as the first step in implementing the Loeb rule, the Board failed to renew the contracts of 68 Chicago teachers, 38 of whom were CTF members, including all eight of the Federation’s officers.  The CTF took the matter to court and simultaneously pressed for legislation to protect teachers from arbitrary dismissal.  It also assumed responsibility for supporting those members who had been dropped as teachers in the Chicago school system.  In 1917 the state legislature passed the Otis Law, sponsored by and named for Ralph Otis, giving tenure protection to Chicago teachers, and the Board of Education reinstated the CTF members it had dismissed.  In the same year, Margaret Haley took the CTF out of the Chicago Federation of Labor.  At the time this move was portrayed as a conciliatory gesture, suggested by the CFL to soften the school board’s attitude.  It is probable that Miss Haley’s disappointment with the lack of support afforded to the teachers by organized labor following the dismissal of the 68 teachers was also a factor in the decision.  Much later (December 3, 1937) Miss Haley stated that the CTF’s disenchantment with the CFL was based on the latter’s support of the entry of the United States into World War I without the voted approval of its members.


The Chicago Teachers’ Federation and Margaret Haley were instrumental in the formation of the American Federation of Teachers, which was organized in 1916 with the CTF as its first local chapter.  The following year, however, the Chicago Federation dropped its affiliation with the AFT , completing its break of formal ties with organized labor.


Continuing its efforts to expose tax evaders in the 1920s, the CTF successfully pressed for publication of real estate assessment lists.  In January 1928 the Illinois State Tax Commission ordered that the lists be published, and in May 1928 it ordered that a new assessment of all real property in Cook County be undertaken immediately.  Unwilling to pay taxes which might be altered by new assessment, many tax payers withheld payments in 1928 and 1929.  By the time the new lists were published in 1929, the Great Depression was underway, reducing tax revenues and causing portions of the back taxes to be permanently defaulted.  Thus the 1928 triumph for Margaret Haley and the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, by an unfortunate combination of circumstances, exacerbated hardships for Chicago teachers and contributed to the decline and ultimate disbanding of the CTF.


During the resulting “payless paydays,” 1929-1934, when teachers’ salary checks were distributed on schedule on only nine of 46 paydays, and when scrip or tax anticipation warrants were frequently tendered to teachers in lieu of cash, the CTF was active in trying to persuade city, state, and national governments to relieve the teachers’ situation.  Margaret Haley strongly opposed payments in scrip and prevailed on many in the teaching body to reject this alternative to cash.  Moreover she personally journeyed to Washington, D.C., to press for a Reconstruction Finance Corporation loan to the Chicago school board.


Despite the continuing activity of the CTF on behalf of teacher welfare, Chicago teachers looked increasingly to other organizations for leadership as the frustrations of the 1930s deepened.  The Chicago Teachers Union (CTU), an outgrowth of the Volunteer Emergency Committee of 1933, eventually emerged as the most powerful competitor to the CTF.  By the end of the decade its influence exceeded that of the CTF, and its membership outnumbered by far that of the pioneer organization.  Because of its prestige, the loyalty of its members, and its balanced approach to most policy matters, however, the Federation remained active and influential for many years after it had lost its place as most powerful of the teacher organizations.


Margaret Haley died in 1939 ending a career in the Chicago Teachers’ Federation which had been nearly co-existent with the life of the organization.  As a measure of its continuing respect for her leadership, the Federation left the position of Business Representative open for nine years.  The functions of the office were filled by Miss Frances M. Kenney, and in 1948 she was formally designated by Miss Haley’s old title.  Like her predecessor, Miss Kenney was a forceful leader, a clear and direct thinker, an effective lobbyist, and a tireless advocate of high professional standards and commensurate salaries and benefits for Chicago teachers.


In the 1940s and 1950s, the Federation continued to give great attention to the protection of the pension and to matters relating to it, including Social Security.  It operated a credit union which was open to all teachers but was chiefly patronized by CTF members, and it held card parties and other social gatherings for its members.  In addition the organization collected files of clippings, articles from education journals, and other material regarding teaching theory and problems, notably those of large class enrollments and discipline problems.  It concerned itself directly with school board policy and with the controversial personality of the General Superintendent of Schools Benjamin Willis, and took conservative positions on the “Red Scare“ of the 1950s and on school integration matters.


During the 1960s the CTF, with dwindling membership, waged a vigorous but increasingly hopeless campaign against the designation of the Chicago Teachers Union as sole collective bargaining agent for Chicago teachers.  In May 1960 the burgeoning CTU was elected by public school teachers to be their representative in all contract negotiations.  The demise of the CTF followed quickly.  Frances Kenney died in 1968, ending the long Federation tradition of strong, one-woman leadership from the office of Business Representative.  The CTF, as a final service to its members, arranged for its credit union to merge with the Downtown Chicago Credit Union.  Following this action, the Chicago Teachers’ Federation disbanded in the same year as Miss Kenney’s death.


Robert L. Reid’s 1965 Northwestern University doctoral dissertation, “The Professionalization of Public School Teachers: The Chicago Experience, 1895-1920,” is a very useful study of the early history of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.  Helpful works on the activities of the CTF during the 1930s are Penny Jean Lipkin’s Columbia University 1967 Master’s thesis, “Payless Paydays: Financial Crisis of the Chicago Board of Education,” and Emma Levitt’s “The Activities of Local Teacher Organizations in Chicago Since 1929,” a 1936 University of Chicago Department of Education thesis.


Biographical sketch of Margaret A. Haley (1861-1919):

Margaret Angela Haley, a founder and long-time Business Representative of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, was born in Joliet, Illinois, on November 15, 1861.  She was the second of eight children of Michael Haley, a stone quarry and construction firm operator.  Margaret attended grade school in Channahon, Illinois, and completed the high school course at St. Angela’s Convent in Morris, Illinois.


At the age of sixteen Margaret Haley entered the teaching profession.  She taught for one year in a country school in Dresden, Illinois, and for two years at Joliet Grade School.  Convinced of the need for teachers to have professional training, she studied for a year at State Normal in Bloomington, Illinois, and later for one term at Cook County Normal School, where she was greatly influenced by the philosophy of its principal, Colonel Francis W. Parker. In 1883 she was assigned to the Lewis School in Chicago.  The following year she was transferred to the Hendricks Elementary School where she served as a sixth grade teacher until 1900, when she left the classroom permanently to act as a full time officer of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.


Reminiscing about her public career during a period of semi-retirement near the end of her life, Miss Haley characterized it as a “battleground,” a term suggestive both of her feisty personality and of her involvement in numerous political and professional controversies during four decades.  Prominent among these were the “teachers’ tax case,” begun in 1900; her fight to gain a voice for classroom teachers and for women in the National Education Association at the 1903 convention and later; the CTF and Miss Haley’s controversy with the Board of Education regarding the “Loeb Rule” 1915; her libel suit against the Chicago Tribune 1916; and the tax re-assessment program in Chicago and Cook County in 1928 and 1929.


The “teachers’ tax case” changed Margaret Haley from a classroom teacher into an officer and employee of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation and brought her national prominence as a spokesman for teachers’ welfare.  She was invited to lecture across the nation and to advise other professional organizations.  She became active in the feminist movement and the Public Ownership League; she supported proponents of the single tax, initiative and referendum, and other progressive measures.  An effective lobbyist, relentless investigator, and fearless publicist of corruption, collusion, and inefficiency, she had a keen insight into the relationship between honest administration of public office and the availability of funds for public welfare.  She represented, as one commentator put it, “the association between education, especially public school education, and political consciousness.”


Miss Haley’s concern for the welfare of individual classroom teachers led her into conflict with the leadership of the National Education Association (NEA) soon after she became Business Representative of the CTF.  Dominated by school administrators and college professors, the NEA at the turn of the century seemed elitist and anti-feminist to Miss Haley.  Nomination and election procedures were undemocratic, and women were not permitted to speak from the convention floor.  In 1903 Miss Haley attacked these policies, opposing the wishes of NEA officers Nicholas Murray Butler and Charles Eliot.  With the National Federation of Teachers, which she had organized as a strategic move to provide a disciplined force within the NEA, she forced a revision of nominating procedures.  In 1910 she worked successfully to bring about the election of Chicago educator Ella Flagg Young as president of the National Education Association and she was instrumental in creating the Department of Classroom Teachers within the organization.  The style and drama of Miss Haley’s confrontation with the NEA establishment further enhanced her national reputation as a leading figure among classroom teachers.


Miss Haley’s public career brought her not only supporters but critics as well.  None was more persistent than the Chicago Tribune.  Critical editorial comment in the Tribune frequently inspired retorts from Miss Haley in speeches and public meetings.  In 1916 she was provoked to stronger action by a Tribune news story stating that she had received salaries simultaneously from the Board of Education and from the CTF during her early years with the Federation.  She sued the Tribune for libel, proved the charge to be false, and had the great satisfaction of winning a small settlement.


The main impact of Margaret A. Haley’s career was neither on the national scope of NEA reform nor the individual level of the Tribune suit, but locally as leader of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.  As Business Representative, she lobbied on behalf of teacher welfare in the Illinois State Legislature, testified before the City Council, and exhorted the Chicago Board of Education to protect the interests of the teaching body.  Tenure policy was a matter of continuing concern to the CTF and Miss Haley, as were salary scales, retirement programs, classroom enrollments, and other public education matters.  Margaret Haley was always attentive to the lease and sale of school lands, for there was a risk that they would be disposed of disadvantageously by officials influenced by considerations other than the welfare of the public school system.


In matters such as the Loeb rule controversy and the tax re-assessment struggle, CTF history and Margaret Haley’s biography coincide.  Business Representative Haley virtually dictated policy and stance of the Federation, particularly after Catherine Goggin’s death in 1916.  She used the Chicago Teachers’ Federation Bulletin (1901-1908) and Margaret Haley’s Bulletin (1913-1916 and 1925-1930) as organs to voice her position on professional and political matters.  She dominated almost completely any CTF meeting which she attended, and her appearance at a Federation gathering invariably touched off applause.  During her lifetime no dissenting group ever successfully challenged her authority; even after her death her ideas continued to dominate the organization.  It should be pointed out, however, that she held her position by virtue of periodic re-election and that the loyalty of Federation members to her and to her policies was almost total.


Margaret Haley spent her last years in semi-retirement, reviving an earlier effort to dictate an autobiographical history of the CTF.  She died of a heart attack in Englewood Hospital on January 5, 1939, at the age of 77.  She was survived by a sister, Mrs. Jane A. O’Reilly of Madison, Wisconsin, and a brother, James Haley.  Following a funeral service in St. Bernard’s Catholic Church in Chicago, she was buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Joliet, Illinois.  In 1947, St. Margaret Church in Big Lake, Texas, which had been raised as a memorial to Margaret Haley by members and friends of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, was dedicated.


Useful sources of biographical information regarding Margaret Haley include Robert L. Reid’s “The Professionalization of Public School Teachers:  The Chicago Experience, 1895-1920,” cited above, and Mrs. Louise C. Wade’s biographical sketch of Miss Haley in the Dictionary of Notable American Women.


Description of the collection:

Correspondence, minutes of meetings 1898-1966 (incomplete 1906-1920), reports, excerpts of court transcripts, newsclippings, pamphlets, speeches, and other records, primarily on subjects of interest to teachers. Includes material on the Federation's relationship with organized labor and its membership in the Chicago Federation of Labor (1902-1917); salaries, pensions, tenure protection, educational theory and practice, classroom conditions, discipline problems, double shifts for students, the junior high school system, personnel and policies of the Chicago Board of Education, school legislation, and tax matters; and local, state, and national teachers'' organizations, particularly the National Education Association and the Chicago Teachers Union. Correspondents include Margaret A. Haley, CTF business representative; Catherine Goggin, CTF financial secretary; Frances Dorney M. Kenney, CTF business representative; and Ella Flagg Young, Chicago educator.


Includes several versions of an unpublished autobiography by Margaret A. Haley, who served as business representative and principal spokesman of the CTF, 1900-1939.  The microfilm of fragments of the autobiography lacks many segments and probably does not contain the last version.


Unfortunately the bulk of correspondence by Federation officers Margaret Haley, Catherine Goggin, and Frances Kenney has not survived.  Financial information pertaining to the organization is limited mostly to fund raising matters and mimeographed appeals for dues payments.  There are few membership records in the collection.


The collection is divided into three main lots of materials:

Series 1.  Minutes of CTF Meetings, 1898-1966 (Boxes 1-31);

Series 2. Margaret A. Haley’s unpublished autobiography (dictated 1910, 1911, 1929, 1934 & 1935) (Boxes 32-34);

Series 3. General records of the CTF, 1864-1968 (Boxes 35-93).


Series 1.  Minutes of CTF Meetings, 1898-1966 (incomplete 1906-1920)

This series contains minutes of Chicago Teachers’ Federation meetings. Minutes vary from brief handwritten summaries to lengthy typewritten verbatim reports prepared by a professional stenographer.  Minutes of meetings from May 28, 1898, through September 11, 1906, consist of the organization secretary’s manuscript reports, which are limited to skeletal accounts of proceedings with no substantive record of debate or votes.  From 1906 to 1920, an active period in CTU history, the extant minutes are not complete and not verbatim recordings of the proceedings.  Beginning in 1920, there are typed stenographic reports of special mass meetings of the Federation, and from June 1921 until 1954, verbatim minutes of regular CTF meetings are present.  The remainder of the minutes consists of manuscript reports by the Federation secretary of meetings from September 1956 through June 1966.  A stenographic report of the Chicago Teachers Union’s first anniversary meeting on October 20, 1938, is also present.


Meetings of the CTF were devoted chiefly to the on-going business of the organization, much of which was of a routine nature.  Miss Haley dominated sessions at which she was present with reports of her lobbying and other activities, her recommendations and exhortations to the teachers, and her reminiscences.  Election of officers, amendments to the constitution, debate and occasional dissent within the organization were recorded.  There were frequently guest speakers or special reports.  Useful information regarding political positions and activities of the Federation, including recommendation and evaluation of candidates for election to state and local office, is present.  In addition there is considerable discussion of topics of particular interest to the teaching body, notably teacher welfare matters, education theories and practices, school administration policies, etc.


Generally speaking, the minutes from the 1920s are the most informative of the lot.  Topics widely discussed include sale of school land, salaries, overcrowding in schools and the platoon system, pensions, tax laws, merit pay, sick leave policies, teacher examinations, accreditation policies, Sabbatical leave regulations, and other related subjects.  There is considerable information regarding the political activity of the Federation during the period, including detailed discussions of the qualifications of candidates for elective office.  Material regarding the CTF’s opposition to a proposed increase in taxes to cover a salary increase and its position that a general reassessment of real estate should be ordered, is present during the first half of 1925.


In the 1930s’ discussion at CTF meetings, as recorded in the Minutes, naturally centered around questions of salary and pay, script, taxes, protest measures, and CTF and other efforts to secure funds to pay teachers.  At the May 19, 1934 meeting, there was considerable discussion of a proposed requirement of loyalty oaths from teachers.  Teacher welfare matters continued to be discussed, and the activities of rival teacher organizations were occasionally mentioned.


Minutes of meetings in the 1940s were mainly concerned with questions of salaries, pensions, and the CTF credit union, with social security appearing as an important new topic.  In the 1930s discussion of the same general nature, but of less substance, continued.  Increasingly the attention of the Federation was directed toward the arrangement of card parties and other social events, the operation of its credit union and the safeguarding of the pension.  There is little detailed information in the manuscript minutes of the late 1950s and 1960s.


Series 2.  Margaret A. Haley’s Autobiographical Drafts, 1910-1935

Margaret A. Haley, on four separate occasions between 1910 and 1935, dictated memoirs of important events in which she had been involved.  Typed copies of these reminiscences are present in Boxes 32-34.  Originally intended as segments of a projected autobiographical history of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation, the drafts were never combined and edited into one manuscript.  Included along with these memoirs are a folder of sundry items pertaining to Miss Haley’s libel suit against the Chicago Tribune in 1916 and her twenty-one page statement entitled “Correction of Statement by Jane Addams about Salary Suit.”  The later is undated but was apparently prompted by the publication of the 1932 edition of Twenty Years at Hull-House.


The first installation of Miss Haley’s autobiography was dictated in 1910 at Bay Lodge, Massachusetts.  It includes her account of the background and early events of the “teachers’ tax case.”  A second segment, dictated the following year in Seattle, Washington, contains a continuation of the history of the tax case.  This version, which is accompanied by an index, also recounts Miss Haley’s memories of the 1903 National Education Association Convention, in which she led a reform movement, and describes the Board of Education appointed by Mayor Dunne, including Jane Addams’ role in it.


A third major segment of the autobiography, dictated in June 1929, and entitled “Re-assessment,” treats Miss Haley’s activities in the 1920s, notably her efforts to force a re-assessment of real property in Cook County.  In 1934-1935, Miss Haley resumed work on her memoirs, this time while visiting in Palos Verdes, California.  This version repeats much of the information in the previous one regarding the 1928-1930 re-assessment debacle and also includes an account of the election of Ella Flagg Young to the National Education Association presidency in 1910.


The various installations of Miss Haley’s memoirs contain almost nothing on the first forty years of her life.  They also do not provide a complete and coherent account of her public career.  They do afford valuable information regarding several major events in her leadership of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation.  The earlier versions seem to be more factually reliable than Miss Haley’s later reminiscences.  Her final effort, dictated when she was in her 70s, seems the least useful.  It is disorganized to the point of obscurity.


An effort to publish Miss Haley’s autobiography in 1937 failed.  The autobiography published in 1982 seems consistent with much of the manuscript material in this collection but not identical.  Therefore, researchers are cautioned that the manuscript fragments from the collection that were microfilmed in 1974 may be difficult to match to the published autobiography.  Not all materials in the three boxes appear in the microfilm.  Notes have been placed in all folders of Boxes 32-34 to indicate which materials appear in the film and which do not.


Series 3.  CTF records, 1864-1968 (Boxes 35-93)

The general records of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation consist of 58 document cases of sundry material, 1864-1968 (chiefly 1898-1966), including correspondence; mimeographed, printed and typed reports and resource material on topics of interest to teachers; excerpts of court transcripts from cases in which the CTF had a strong interest; clippings, pamphlets, speeches, and other miscellaneous matter collected for the organizations’ files.  Correspondence, which includes both incoming and outgoing mail, is random and miscellaneous.  There is virtually no running correspondence with important educational or political figures, and apparently only a fraction of the Federation’s correspondence over the years has survived.


Topics of continuing or recurring interest in the collection include taxation; legislation regarding public education and finances; teacher welfare matters such as pensions, tenure, salaries, holiday and leave policies, and classroom conditions; School Board policies and personnel; and education theory and practice.  Material on these and other topics of interest is scattered throughout the general papers of the collection.  A considerable amount of correspondence, clippings, printed matter, etc. regarding local and state teachers’ organizations and a moderate amount of material concerning national associations such as the National Education Association, the American Federation of Teachers, and the National Federation of Teachers is dispersed throughout the CTF General Papers.  In addition there is one box (Box 44) of material, 1914-1922, of the National League of Teachers’ Associations.


The earliest portion of the papers (1864-1899) consists of source material on financial and banking matters, some historical pieces concerning the formation of the CTF and the 1894 pension movement, and records concerning taxation and assessment policy, plus twenty-four pieces of Catherine Goggin’s correspondence (1865-1900) regarding personal and Federation matters.  Correspondence, booklets, speeches, etc pertaining to the 1900 teaches’ tax case and reaction from across the nation to the Federations success form the bulk of material in Boxes 35-38.


The CTF General Papers include sizeable concentrations of material on the following topics of note:  the National Education Association and Margaret Haley’s role in leading a reform movement within it (Boxes 38-40 and 49); the Loeb rule controversy (Boxes 43 and 45); Margaret Haley’s libel suit against the Chicago Tribune  (Box 46); the “payless days” and reactions by individuals and organizations to the failure to pay Chicago teachers (Boxes 60-67); and the CTF’s fight against designation of the Chicago Teachers Union as sole collective bargaining agent for all Chicago teachers (Boxes 89 and 91).  During the late 1930s, the 1940s and 1950s, there is a considerable amount of information regarding the Chicago Teachers Union, and other local teacher organizations, including reports of meetings and mimeographed and printed material by and about these organizations.


The records of the CTF also provide lesser amounts of material on the following: vocational education (Box 47); Public Ownership movements (Boxes 47 and 49); the proposed Illinois Constitution of 1922 (Box 50); double shifts for students and the junior high school system (Box 70); Chicago Teachers Union strikes and strike threats (Boxes 90 and 92); integration of Chicago schools, including a 75 page June 23, 1954, Board of Education report on the implementation of the Hauser Report regarding public school integration (Box 89); and the Jenner School boycott by students and teachers protesting the actions of school principal Mildred Chuchut (Box 91).


Box 71 includes clippings, memorials, resolutions of sympathy, etc. regarding the death of Margaret A. Haley.


Considerable material consisting mainly of clippings and a slight amount of correspondence regarding Superintendent of Schools William McAndrews is present in Boxes 55-57; a similar lot pertaining to Benjamin C. Willis is to be found in Boxes 83 and 88-90.


The collection contains a number of items of the National League of Teachers’ Associations, 1914-1922, in Box 44.  These include abstracts of the minutes of its conventions and executive board meetings; a folder of 1917 form letters of NLT president Frances Harden; a 1915-1917 account book and three 1914-1915 NLT pamphlets.


The Chicago Federation of Labor is discussed particularly in materials with these dates::

1902  Oct. 16

1904  Mar. 15; Nov. 15, 26

1905  May 26

1906  Mar. 18; Apr. 4; Dec. 2

1907  Jan. 5

1909  May 17

1913  Apr. 22; May 13; June 16; Oct. 1; Dec. 24; undated

1914  May 11, 29; June 17, 19; Sept. 11

1915  Sept. 8, 15, 16, 21; Oct. 2, 13 (2 items); Dec. 7

1916  Mar. 8, 19; July 2; Sept. 19; Oct. 16

1917  Mar. 24; Apr. 21, 25, 28; May 4, 20, 21 (2 items)

1918  Oct. 18; Nov. 17

1920  Apr. 20

1922  Nov. 21

1927  Feb. 18

1928  Mar. 2

1937  Oct. 28.


Materials about women and/or feminism include items with these dates:

1904  Aug. 30; Oct. 19; Dec. 6

1908  Jan. 3

1910  Nov. 21; undated (Constitution of the Women’s Suffrage Party of the City of Chicago); numerous items relative to the election of Ella Flagg Young as president of the National Education Association (Boxes 40-41)

1912  Aug. 28

1913  Feb. 1; May 17.


Materials of the following dates about women and/or feminism were photocopied and the copies filed in Box 93:

1914  Jan. 2, 3 (2 items), 7, 17, (2 items), 27, 30; Feb. 4, 10, 18; Mar. 21,25 (2 items); Apr. 2, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 22, 24 (2 items); 28, 29; May 3, 7, 12; July 1, 21; Aug. 8, 17, 21 (2 items); Sept. 10, 14, 22; Oct. 2, 15, 19, 29 (3 items); Dec. 10, 18; undated (2 items)

1916  Oct. 14, 28, 31; Nov. 1, 6

1917  May 25

1918  Oct. 21; Dec. 1

1919  Jan. 15

1920  Oct. 7

1923  Nov. 23

1930  Mar. 20 (Box 11)

1933  Feb. 25

1948  November.


List of related collections:

Related materials at Chicago History Museum, Research Center, include a CTF scrapbook donated by the Chicago Teachers Union and the Chicago Teachers Union records.


List of online catalog headings:

The following main, subject and added headings were made for the card catalog:

(Main Entry)  Chicago Teachers’ Federation.

Subject entries:

Chicago Teachers’ Federation

Haley, Margaret Angela, 1861-1939.

Addams, Jane, 1860-1935.

Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947. (s)

Cermak, Anton Joseph, 1873-1933.

Daley, Richard Joseph, 1902-

Darrow, Clarence Seward, 1857-1938.

DeLuce, Arvilla C.

Dever, William Emmett, 1862-1929.

Dickerson, Earl Burros, 1891-

Dickinson, Frances, 1856-1945.

Dodd, William Edward, 1869-1940.

Douglas, Paul Howard, 1892-

Dunne, Edward Fitzsimons, 1853-1937.

Fitzpatrick, John, 1872-1946.

Goggin, Catherine, 1856?-1916.

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924.

Harrison, Carter Henry, Jr., 1860-1953.

Herstein, Lillian, 1886j-

Horner, Henry, 1879-1940.

Ickes, Harold LeClair, 1874-1952.

Kenney, Frances Dorney M  1894?-1968.

Kerner, Otto F.  1884-1952.

LaFollette, Robert Marion, 1855-1925.

Loeb, Jacob M. (Jacob Moritz), 1875-1944.

McDowell, Mary Eliza, 1854-1936.

Olander, Victor A., 1873-1949.

Richberg, Donald R. (Donald Randall), 1881-1960.

Robins, Margaret Dreier, 1868-1945.

Robins, Raymond, 1873-1954.

Shriver, Sargent, 1915-

Simms, Ruth Hanna McCormick, 1880-1944.(s)

Taylor, Lea Demarest, 1883-

Thompson, Car Dean, 1870-1949.

Thompson, William Hale, 1869-1944.(s)

Vittum, Harriet E.  1872-1953.

Walker, John H.,  1875-1955.

Young, Ella Flagg, 1845-1918.

American Federation of Teachers.

Chicago Federation of Labor.

National Education Association.

African Americans--Education--Illinois--Chicago.

Depression--1929--United States.


Irish Americans--Illinois--Chicago.

Leopold andLoeb trial, Chicago, Ill., 1924.

Loyalty oaths--Illinois--Chicago.

Public schools--Administration--Illinois--Chicago.


Teachers--United States.

Trade unions.

Teachers' unions--Illinois--Chicago--19th century.

Teachers' unions--Illinois--Chicago--20th century.

School lands--Illinois--Chicago.


Chicago (Ill.)--Economic conditions--1875-1950.


Added entries:

Addams, Jane, 1860-1935.

Cermak, Anton Joseph, 1873-1933.

Daley, Richard J, 1902-1978.

Darrow, Clarence Seward, 1857-1938.

DeLuce, Arvilla C.

Dever, William E. (William Emmett), 1862-1929.

Dickerson, Earl Burros, 1891-

Dickinson, Frances, 1856-1945.

Dodd, William Edward, 1869-1940.

Douglas, Paul Howard, 1892-

Dunne, Edward Fitzsimons, 1853-1937.

Fitzpatrick, John, 1872-1946.

Foster, Albon L., d. 1968.

Gaines, Irene (McCoy), 1896?-1964.

Goggin, Catherine, 1856?-1916.

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924.

Haley, Margaret Angela, 1861-1939.

Harrison, Carter Henry, Jr., 1860-1953.

Herstein, Lillian, 1886j-

Horner, Henry, 1879-1940.

Ickes, Harold LeClair, 1874-1952.

Kenney, Frances Dorney M  1894?-1968.

Kerner, Otto F.  1884-1952.

LaFollette, Robert Marion, 1855-1925.

McDowell, Mary Eliza, 1854-1936.

Olander, Victor A., 1873-1949.

Richberg, Donald R. (Donald Randall), 1881-1960.

Robins, Margaret (Dreier), 1868-1945.

Robins, Raymond, 1873-1954.

Shriver, Robert Sargent, 1915-

Taylor, Lea Demarest, 1883-

Thompson, Car Dean, 1870-1949.

Vittum, Harriet E.  1872-1953.

Walker, John H.  1875-1955.

Young, Ella Flagg, 1845-1918.

American Federation of Teachers.

National Education Association.

Chicago Federation of Labor.


Provenance statement:

These records were a gift of the Chicago Teachers’ Federation in April 1969.

(A&M accession number:1969.0011)


Storage designation:

Collections: Chicago Teachers’ Federation

Microfilm (Negative): Haley, Margaret


This inventory by:

Lucy F. West

July 1971


Container list of box/folder numbers and titles:

box 1


Processor’s notes

Review of Joan K. Smith’s biography, Ella Flagg Young: Portrait of a Leader

Retirement in education: the economic and social functions of the teachers’ pension, by William Graebner

Historical data


Series1.  Minutes, 1898-1968  (box 1-31)

box 1 continued:


Minutes of meetings (including some meetings of the Board of Managers)

1  Minutes

2  Minutes May 28, 1898-June 24, 1899 (1 vol.)

3  Minutes Sept. 30, 1899-July 2, 1902 (1 vol.)

4  Minutes Sept. 13, 1918-Sept. 1906 (1 vol.)

5  Minutes Feb. 16, 1918

6  Minutes Apr. 13, 1918

7  Minutes Feb. 4, 1920

8  Minutes Feb. 19, 1920


Box 2  Minutes May 14, 1921-Oct. 16, 1923


box3  Minutes Nov. 23, 1923-June 19, 1924


box4  Minutes Sept. 13, 1924-Jan. 17, 1925


box5  Minutes Feb. 5-Sept. 11, 1925


box6  Minutes Sept. 19 1925-Sept. 18, 1926


box7  Minutes Nov. 13, 1926-May 14, 1927


box8  Minutes June 2, 1927-Sept. 14, 1928


box9  Minutes Oct. 27, 1928-Feb. 16, 1929


box10  Minutes Mar. 16, 1929-Mar. 16, 1930


box11  Minutes Mar. 20-Dec. 6, 1930


box12  Minutes Jan. 17-Aug. 4, 1931


box13  Minutes Aug. 13-Dec. 30, 1931


box14  Minutes Jan. 9-May 16, 1932


box15  Minutes May 27, 1932-Jan. 10, 1933


box16  Minutes Jan. 14-July 18, 1933


box17  Minutes Aug. 10, 1913-Mar. 17, 1934


box18  Minutes Apr. 14, 1934-June 1, 1935


box19  Minutes Sept. 21, 1935-Mar. 19, 1936


box20  Minutes Apr. 15, 1936-Dec. 10, 1937


box21  Minutes Jan. 15-Nov. 5, 1938


box22  Minutes Jan. 14-Oct. 27, 1939


box23  Minutes Nov. 21, 1939-Dec. 7, 1940; Mar. 9, 1940-Nov. 13, 1943 (1 vol.)


box24  Minutes Jan. 18-Nov. 8, 1941; (Bd. Of Managers) Mar. 15, 1940-Feb. 4 1943 (1 vol.)


box25  Minutes Dec. 6, 1941-Apr. 10, 1943


box26  Minutes May 5-Dec. 11, 1943

(Bd. of Managers) Minutes Feb. 18, 1943-Mar. 21, 1946 (1 vol.)

(Secretary’s notes)  Minutes Dec. 11, 1943-June 14, 1956 (1 vol.)


box27  Minutes Jan. 15-Dec. 9, 1944


box28  Minutes Jan. 13-Dec. 8, 1945

(Bd. of Directors)  Minutes Apr. 4, 1946-Sept. 13, 1956 (1 vol.)


box29  Minutes Jan. 19, 1946-May 16, 1948


box30  Minutes June 12, 1948-Dec. 9, 1950


box31  Minutes Jan. 15, 1951-June 20, 1966


Series 2.  Autobiography of Margaret Haley, 1910-1935  (Boxes 32-34)



1  Autobiography  1910

2  Original copy  Dec. 27, 1911-Feb. 13, 1912

3  Carbon copy  Dec. 27, 1911

4  Miscellaneous notes

5  Reassessment,” dictated copy July 24-31, 1929




1  Transcribed notes  1934

2  Tax story  1910

3  Tribune Libel Suit  1900-18

4  Manuscript  1935

5  Miscellaneous  1935




1-4  Autobiography  1935

5-7  Autobiography draft  1935


Also stored separately: microfilm negative made in August 1974 by the Great Lakes Microfilm Company for Marjorie Murphy (2 reels of negative film; 1,895 exposures) contains selected fragments from the 3 boxes of the autobiography. Notes in Boxes 32-34 indicate which materials appear in the film and which do not.


Series 3. CTF records



1  Correspondence  1868-1899

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1900

3  Correspondence  May-Oct. 1900

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1900, undated 1900

5  Central Council of Education  1898-1901

6  Central Council of Education  1898-1902

Miscellaneous legal documents, photocopied




1  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1901

2  Correspondence  June-Aug. 1901

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1901]

4  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1902

5  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1902



1  National Federation  of Teachers  1902-04

2  Taxation Petitions and related data  1902

3  Correspondence  Jan.-July 1903

4  Correspondence  Aug.-Dec. 1903

5  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1904



1  Correspondence  Mar. 3-4, 1904

2  Correspondence  Mar. 5-Aug. 1904

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1904

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Nov. 1905

5  Correspondence  Dec. 1905, undated 1905



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Oct. 1906

2  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1906, undated 1906

3-4  Correspondence  undated 1906

5  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1907

6  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1907

7  Correspondence  1908



1  Correspondence  1909

2  Correspondence  Jan.-June 1910

3  Correspondence  July-Sept. 1910

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1910

5-6  Correspondence  undated through 1910



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1911

2  Correspondence  May-Dec. 1911, undated 1911

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Aug. 1912

4  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1912

5  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 13, 1913

6  Correspondence  Apr. 14-Sept. 1913



1  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1913

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Feb. 1914

3  Correspondence  Mar.-June 1914

4  Correspondence  July-Sept. 1914

5  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1914



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1915

2  Correspondence  May-June 1915

3  Correspondence  July-Sept. 1915

4  Correspondence  Oct. 1915

5  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1915


box44  League of Teachers’ Association:

1-4  Yearbooks, 1914-15, 1915-16, 1916-17

Minutes of meetings  1914-18 (1 vol.)

Vouchers 1915-16



1  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1916

2  Correspondence  June 1916

3  Correspondence  July-Oct. 1916

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1916

5  Correspondence  undated 1916



1  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1916

2  Correspondence  June 1916

3  Correspondence  July-Oct. 1916

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1916

5  Correspondence; Court transcript  June 15, 1918  Margaret Haley vs. Chicago Tribune



1  Correspondence  July-Dec. 1918

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1919

3  Correspondence  May-Oct. 1919

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1919

5  Correspondence  undated 1911-19

6  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1920



1  Correspondence  June 1920

2  Correspondence  June-Aug. 1920

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1920

4  Correspondence  Jan.-July 1921

5  Correspondence  Aug.-Oct. 1921



1  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1921

2  Correspondence  Jan. 1922

3  Correspondence  Feb.-Mar. 1922

4  Correspondence  Apr.–June 1922

5  Correspondence  July-Aug. 1922



1  Correspondence  Sept.-Oct. 1922

2  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1922

3  Correspondence  undated 1922

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Feb. 1923

5  Correspondence  Mar. 1923



1  Correspondence  Apr.-May 1923

2  Correspondence  June-July 29, 1923

3  Correspondence  July 30-Nov. 1923

4  Correspondence  Dec. and undated 1923

5  Correspondence  Jan. 1924



1  Correspondence  Feb.-Apr. 1924

2  Correspondence  May 1924

3  Correspondence  June-Aug. 1924

4  Correspondence  Sept.-Oct. 1924

5  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. and undated 1924



1  Correspondence  Jan.-June 1925

2  Correspondence  July-Dec. 13, 1925

3  Correspondence  Dec. 14-31 and undated 1925

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Sept. 1926



1  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1926

2  Correspondence  Dec. 1926

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1927

4  Correspondence  Apr.-Aug. 18, 1927



1  Correspondence  Aug. 19-23, 1927

2  Correspondence  Aug. 24-31, 1927

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1927

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1928



1  Correspondence  Apr.-Aug. 1928

2  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1928

3  Correspondence  Jan. 1929

4  Correspondence  Feb. 1929

5  Correspondence  Mar.-May 1929



Court transcript, William McAndrew vs. Board of Education

1  Correspondence  June-Sept. 1929

2  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 18, 1929

3  Correspondence  Dec. 19-31 and undated 1929

4  Correspondence  undated 1920-29



1  Correspondence  undated 1920-29

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1930

3  Correspondence  May 1930 (April missing)

4  Correspondence  July 1-15, 1930



1  Correspondence  July 16-Sept. 1930

2  Correspondence  Oct.-Nov. 1930

3  Correspondence  Dec. 1930

4  Correspondence  undated 1930

5  Correspondence  Jan. 1931



1  Correspondence  Feb.-Apr. 1931

2  Correspondence  May-July 1931

3  Correspondence  Aug.-Sept. 21, 1931

4  Correspondence  Sept. 22-27, 1931

5  Correspondence  Sept. 28-30, 1931



1  Correspondence  Oct. 1-5, 1931

2  Correspondence  Oct. 5-19, 1931

3  Correspondence  Oct. 20-31, 1931

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1931

5  Correspondence  undated 1931



1  Correspondence  Jan. 1932

2  Correspondence  Feb. 1932

3  Correspondence  Mar. 1-21, 1932

4  Correspondence  Mar. 21-24, 1932

5  Correspondence  Mar.24-31, 1932



1  Correspondence  Apr.-May 1932

2  Correspondence  June 1932

3  Correspondence  July-Sept. 1932

4  Correspondence  Oct. 1-21, 1932

5  Correspondence  Oct. 22-Nov. 20, 1932



1  Legal opinions on assessments & revenues, Mar.. 10, 1932-Sept. 1, 1934, by Hayden N. Bell

2  Correspondence  Nov. 21-Dec. 13, 1932

3  Correspondence  Dec. 14-31, undated 1932

4  Correspondence  Jan.1-15, 1933



1  Correspondence  Jan. 16-Mar. 1933

2  Correspondence  Apr. 1933

3  Correspondence  May 1933

4  Correspondence  June-July 1933

5  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1933



1  Correspondence  Aug. 16-21, 1933

2  Correspondence  Aug. 22-31, 1933

3  Correspondence  Sept. 1933

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1933



1  Correspondence  Dec. 1933

2  Correspondence  undated 1933

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Feb. 9, 1934

4  Correspondence  Feb. 10-28, 1934

5  Correspondence  Mar. 1934

6  Correspondence  Apr. 1934



1  Correspondence  May 1934

2  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1934

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Sept. 1935

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1935

5  Correspondence  Jan.-July 1936



1  Correspondence  Aug.-Sept. 15, 1936

1  Correspondence  Sept. 16-Dec. 1936

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1937

4  Correspondence  May 1937



1  Correspondence  June-Sept. 1937

2  Correspondence  Oct. 1937

3  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 5, 1937

4  Correspondence  Dec. 6-31, 1937

5  Correspondence  undated 1937



1  McCahey conferences, background data 1937

2  Correspondence  1938

3  Correspondence  Jan.-May 14, 1939



1  Correspondence  May 15-Sept. 1939

2  Correspondence  Oct. 1939

3  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1939

4  Correspondence  undated 1939

5  Correspondence  undated 1930-39



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Feb. 1940

2  Correspondence  Mar.-Oct. 1940

3  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1940

4  Correspondence  Jan. 1941

5  Correspondence  Feb.-May 1941



1  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1941

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Feb. 1942

3  Correspondence  Mar.-May 1942

4  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1942

5  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1943



1  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1943

2  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1944

3  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1944

4  Correspondence  Jan. 1945

5  Correspondence  Feb.-may 1945



1  Correspondence  June-Dec. 1945

2  Correspondence  Jan. 1946

3  Correspondence  Feb.-Sept. 1946

4  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1946



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1947

2  Correspondence  Apr.-Aug. 1947

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Oct. 1947

4  Correspondence  Nov. 1947



1  Correspondence  Dec. and undated 1947

2  Correspondence  Jan. 1948

3  Correspondence  Feb.-June 1948

4  Correspondence  July-Dec. 17, 1948

5  Correspondence  Dec. 18-31 and undated 1948



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1949

2  Correspondence  Apr.-June 1949

3  Correspondence  July-Nov. 1949

4  Correspondence  Dec. 1949

5  Correspondence  undated 1949



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1950

2  Correspondence  May-Nov. 1950

3  Correspondence  Dec. 1950

4  Correspondence  undated 1950

5  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1951



1  Correspondence  Apr.-May 1951

2  Correspondence  Jun-Oct. 1951

3  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1951

4  Correspondence  undated 1951

5  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1952



1  Correspondence  Apr.-May 1952

2  Correspondence  June-Oct. 1952

3  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1952

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1953

5  Correspondence  May-Sept. 1953



1  Correspondence  Oct.-Nov. 1953

2  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1954 (Dec. missing)

3  Correspondence  June-Oct. 1954

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1954



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1955

2  Correspondence  May-Aug. 1955

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Oct. 1955

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. and undated 1955



1  Correspondence  Jan.-Aug. 1956

2  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1956

3  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1957

4  Correspondence  June-Aug. 1957

5  Correspondence  Sept.-Dec. 1957



1  Correspondence  Jan.-June 1958

2  Correspondence  July-Dec. 1958

3  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1959

4  Correspondence  May-July 1959

5  Correspondence  Aug.-Dec. 1959



1  Correspondence  undated 1950-59

2  Correspondence  Jan.-July 1960

3  Correspondence  Aug.-Oct. 1960

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1960

5  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1961



1  Correspondence  Jun-Sept. 1961

2  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1961

3  Correspondence  undated 1961

4  Correspondence  1962

5  Correspondence  Jan.-June 1963

6  Correspondence  July-Oct. 1963



1  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1963

2  Correspondence  Jan.-Mar. 1964

3  Correspondence  Apr.-Oct. 1964

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 22, 1964

5  Correspondence  Dec. 23-31, 1964

6  Correspondence  undated 1964




1  Correspondence  Jan.-May 1965

2  Correspondence  June-Aug. 1965

3  Correspondence  Sept.-Oct. 1965

4  Correspondence  Nov.-Dec. 1965

Clipping scrapbook subject entries:

            Strike threat, Sept. 14, 1965 (vol. 1)

            Federal funds, delay and release  (vol. 1)

            Crane High school  (vol. 2)

            Slum Area High School  (vol. 2)

            Chicago Daily News articles by Lois Wille (vol. 2)

            “What’s wrong with American education today?” (vol. 2)

            Max Rafferty, Superintendent of Instruction  (vol. 2)



1  Correspondence  undated 1965

2  Correspondence  Jan. 1966

3  Correspondence  Feb. 1966

4  Correspondence  Mar.-Apr. 13, 1966

5  Correspondence  Apr. 14-30, 1966



1  Correspondence  May-Sept. 1966

2  Correspondence  Oct.-Dec. 1966

3  Correspondence  undated 1966

4  Correspondence  Jan.-Apr. 1967

5  Correspondence  May-July 1967



1  Correspondence  Aug.-Dec. 1967

2  Correspondence  1968

3  Correspondence  undated

4  Copies of items listed in inventory which relate to women and feminism



CTF Scrapbook, primarily newsclippings 1914-1922, 1926-1928

(Received by the Chicago Historical Society from the Chicago Teachers Union)