Hammond Organ Company records, 1928-1985


Descriptive Inventory for the Collection at Chicago History Museum, Research Center

By Harvey Olsen, 1998; rev. by Julie Wroblewski, 2017



Please address questions to:

Chicago History Museum, Research Center

1601 North Clark Street

Chicago, IL 60614-6038

Web-site: http://www.chicagohistory.org/Research


Copyright 2017, Chicago Historical Society, 1601 North Clark Street, Chicago, IL 60614-6038


Title: Hammond Organ Company records, 1928-1985

Main entry: Hammond Organ Company.

Inclusive dates: 1928-1985


65 linear feet (66 boxes)

Oversize drawings (not processed)

sound recordings


Restriction: For listening purposes, it is necessary to use a copy, not the original (and to have a listening copy made if one is not available).

Some oversize drawings have not been processed and are difficult to consult in their present condition.

Provenance statement: Gift of The Marmon Group, Inc. (accession number: 1986.0254).

Terms governing use: Copyright may be retained by the creators of items, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law, unless otherwise noted.

Please cite this collection as: Hammond Organ Company records (Chicago History Museum) plus a detailed description, date, and box/folder number of a specific item.


This descriptive inventory contains the following sections:

Biographical/historical note,

Summary description of the collection,

Description of some material related to the collection,

List of online catalog headings about the collection,

List of contents of the collection.

Data on sites associated with the company or the family.

Description of some related materials not housed with the corporate records (beginning on p. 19).


Biographical/historical note:

Laurens Hammond (1895-1973) was responsible for numerous inventions, including an alternating current electric clock (patented in 1929), a synchronous electric motor (patented in 1932), the first electric organ (patented in 1934), the first all-electronic organ (patented in 1939), and the first spinet electronic organ for homes (patented in 1949). Altogether, Hammond was granted about 280 patents from 1912 until his death in 1973.


The company founded by Laurens Hammond and his associates was incorporated in 1928 as the Hammond Clock Company. It became the Hammond Instrument Company in 1937, after the firm started making electric organs as well as clocks, and then became the Hammond Organ Company in 1953, after the firm stopped making clocks. The Hammond factory was located at 2915 N. Western Av. from ca. 1930 to 1949 and at 4200 W. Diversey Av. from 1949 to 1986, but there were additional plants and offices elsewhere.


Hammond acquired the Everett Piano Co. in 1954. It had been established in 1883 in Boston by Frank A. Lee and built facilities in Michigan, where the company also produced Cable Nelson Pianos. Hammond Organ Co. started building the Hammond Piano in the 1950s. Yamaha International Corp. bought the Everett Piano Co. in 1973 and stopped production of Everett in 1989.


In 1967, after the Hammond Organ Company acquired the Wells Lamont Corporation, a glove manufacturer, the name of the parent company was changed to the Hammond Corporation, and the Hammond Organ Company became a division of the Hammond Corporation. Wells Lamont offices moved to Niles, Ill., and the company continued to make gloves.


Wholly or partially owned subsidiaries were established outside the United States to distribute, and in some cases manufacture, Hammond organs. These included Hammond Organ (U.K.), founded in 1964 to handle distribution in the United Kingdom; Hammond Organ Europe, N.V., founded in 1967; Hammond International, Canada, Ltd., founded in 1969; the Nihon-Hammond Limited Company, Osaka, Japan, founded in 1970 in partnership with Sakata Shokai, Ltd., to distribute Hammond organs in the Far East and parts of Europe (later also manufacturing them); and Hammond Organ Australia, PTY Ltd., founded in 1982.


In 1977 The Marmon Group, Inc., owned by the Pritzker family of Chicago, acquired the Hammond Corporation, and the Hammond Organ Company became a division of The Marmon Group. In 1986 The Marmon Group sold the Hammond Organ Company to Hammond Organ Australia, PTY Ltd, then owned by Noel Crabbe of Australia, and manufacturing of Hammond organs was discontinued in Chicago. Tentative plans called for the manufacturing of Hammond organs in Japan.


Summary description of the collection:

Corporate records relate to Mr. Laurens Hammond and the company he founded, which was known as the Hammond Clock Company, 1928-1937, the Hammond Instrument Company, 1937-1953, and finally the Hammond Organ Company, 1953-1986. The collection includes correspondence, reports, minutes, manufacturing drawings, patents, budgets, and other operating records of the company that founded the industry of small electric organs and helped to popularize organ music for home and small institutional venues.


The corporate records generally are in record cartons: 12 1/2 x 15 1/2 x 10 in.


Description of some material related to the collection:

Related materials at Chicago History Museum, Research Center, include the Hammond Organ Company collection of visual materials (1986.0254), and numerous Hammond company publications. Some additional artifacts, including organs, are in the collection of the Chicago History Museum.


List of online catalog headings about the collection:

The following headings have been placed in the online catalog:

Hammond, Laurens, 1895-1973

Hammond family.

Hammond Clock Company.

Hammond Instrument Company (Chicago, Ill.)

Hammond Organ Company.

Hammond Corporation.


Furniture making--Illinois--Chicago.

Hammond organ.


Organ builders--Illinois--Chicago.

Organ music--United States.

Organ (Musical instrument)--Construction--United States.


Chicago (Ill.)--Commerce.

Evanston (Ill.)--Social conditions.





Design drawings.


Photomechanical prints.


Sheet music.


Added entries:

Hammond, Laurens, 1895-1973

Hammond Clock Company.

Hammond Instrument Company (Chicago, Ill.)

Hammond Corporation.


List of contents of the collection:

box 1

Summary: Biographical materials concerning Laurens Hammond; and historical sketches or materials concerning the Hammond Clock Company, the Hammond Instrument Company, and the Hammond Organ Company:

1 "Hammond As In Organ," biography of Laurens Hammond and History of the Hammond Organ Company and predecessors to 1960, by Stuyvesant Barry, typescript, 230 p., in ring binder.

2 "The Story of An Inventor, Some Notes on the Career of Laurens Hammond," typescript, 47 p. (copy 1) and 53 p. (copy 2).

3 "Background Information on Hammond Organ Company," by R. A. Gilruth, 1958, typescript, 18 p.

4 "Historical/Fact Book, Hammond Corporation," 1972. Hammond Organ Story.

5 "Hammond, The Company that Created An Industry," n.d. (ca. 1980). 33 p.

6 "History of Hammond Organ Company," typescript, 5 p.

7 Hammond, Laurens, biographical, in folder.

8 Hammond, Laurens, in folder.

9 Hammond Hall of Fame application re. nomination of Laurens H. to Hall of Fame, in folder.

10 Historical, Hammond Corporation, in 2 folders.

11 Hammond trademark, in folder.

12 Hammond history, in folder.

13 Hammond Organ story, in folder.

14 History of Hammond Instrument Company, in folder.

15 Corporate staff history, in folder.

16 Executives biographical data, in folder.


box 2

"Hammond History," 102 slides in carousel together with pulsed cassette tape, 1979.


box 3

1 Clippings, ca. 1979-1985, in folders and envelopes. 0.4 linear feet.


boxes 4-9

Summary: Minutes of meetings of the board of directors & annual meetings of stockholders, with copies of certificates of incorporation, by-laws, & other corporate records, 1928-1976 6.5 linear feet. Includes 18 bound volumes plus records in folders and binders:


In folders:

1 Hammond Clock Company organized 3/12/28

2 H Clock Company incorporated 3/11/29

3 H C Company organized 5/2/30

4 Hammond Clock Company annual meeting 3/12/30

5 Hammond Clock Company reorganization

6 Hammond Clock Company budget reports

7 Hammond Instrument Company registered agent


In bound volumes:

Lettering on spines includes the name of the company at top, the words "Corporate Records" in the center, and at bottom the words "Illinois 1929" referring to the company as incorporated in Illinois or the words "Delaware 1930" referring to the company as incorporated in Delaware.):


Hammond Clock Company (Illinois), 1928-1931

Hammond Clock Company (Illinois 1929), Vol. 1, 1929-1931

Hammond Clock Company (Delaware 1930)

1 Hammond Clock Company, Vol. 1, 1930

2 Hammond Clock Company, Vol. 2, 1930-1934

3 Hammond Clock Company, Vol. 3, 1934-1937

Hammond Instrument Company:

4 Hammond Instrument Company, Vol. 4, 1937-1940

5 Hammond Instrument Company, Vol. 5, 1940-1944

6 Hammond Instrument Company, Vol. 6, 1945-1947

7 Hammond Instrument Company, Vol. 7, 1948-1951

8 Hammond Instrument Company, Vol. 8, 1951-1954

Hammond Organ Company:

9 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 9, 1954-1959

10 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 10, 1959-1962

11 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 11, 1962-1965

12 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 12, 1965-1967

13 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 13, 1967

14 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 14, 1968-1970

15 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 15, 1970-1973

16 Hammond Organ Company, Vol. 16, 1973-1976


In binders (one for each year):

Minutes, 1931-1947


In bound volume:

Hammond Organ Company corporate records, 1967-1984


In binders and folders for each meeting:

Agenda and minutes, 1965-1974


box 10

In folders and binders:

1 Minutes of the Hammond Instrument Western Export Corporation, 1952-1971

2 Minutes of Hammond Organ Europe, N.V., 1970-1975

3 Minutes of the Management Committee, 1951-1953

4 Minutes of the Hammond Organ Foundation, 1952-1955

5 Reports of divisions to Hammond Corporation board of directors, 1963-1977:

6 Reports of divisions: Everett Organ Company

7 Reports of divisions: Everett Piano Company

8 Reports of divisions: Gibbs Manufacturing & Research Corporation

9 Reports of divisions: Hammond Organ Division

10 Reports of divisions: Wells Lamont Corporation

11 Reports of divisions: Finance Department

12 Reports of divisions: International Division

13 Annual reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission, 1972-1974

14 Reports to Secretary of State, State of Illinois, about issuance of shares, 1929-1960

15 Correspondence of chairman of the board, executive vice president, and others involving legal opinions, 1968-1972


boxes 11-13

Summary: Annual reports & quarterly reports to stockholders, with notices of meetings, proxy statements, & other letters to stockholders, 1930-1976:

(There is some duplication, because reports were kept in binders in different offices, but some binders are not complete. All will be retained temporarily until staff can check and assemble a complete file of each type of report.)

In ring binders:

1 Annual reports, 1930-1976

2 Annual reports, quarterly reports, other communications, 1934-1964

3 Annual reports and other notices, 1931-1959

4 Annual reports and other notices, 1948-1961

5 Quarterly reports, proxy statements, letters, 1945-1974

6 Stockholder communications, 1960-1966

7 Stockholder communications, 1967-1975

8 Company releases, 1965-1968

9 Company releases, 1969-1971

In folders:

10 Letters to Stockholders, 1945-1967 chronological

11 Correspondence with stockholders, 1930-1960.

12 Alphabetical, mostly letters from stockholders and responses but also early letters to stockholders not duplicated elsewhere


box 14

Summary: Speeches by presidents of the Hammond Organ Co. before security analysts groups in various cities, 1954-1970, concerning production, sales, and other activities of the Hammond Organ Co., in three ring binders.


box 15

Summary: Policies and procedures of the Hammond Organ Co., 1964-1974, in ring binders:

1 Company policy, 1964-1968

2 Standard procedures manual, book I, 1969-1974

3 Standard procedures manual, book II, 1969-1974

4 (Book III of the Standard procedures manual was issued; CHS received a binder so labeled, but policies had been removed and clippings inserted; this binder has been filed in box 3.)


box 16

Summary: Patents of Laurens Hammond, books I and II, in two ring binders. Photocopies of patents and specifications arranged chronologically by patent number, with table of contents listing all his patents.


box 17

Summary: Original patents, in folders, 0.75 linear feet:

1 Hammond, Laurens: patents, foreign.

2 Patents, domestic: clock.

3 Patents, foreign: clock;

4 Patents, domestic: organ.

5 Patents, foreign: organ.

6 Patents: automatic electric orchestra.


boxes 18-24

Summary: Engineering logs, 1936 to ca. 1984, in bound numbered notebooks assigned to various engineering staff, containing diagrams and notes concerning research and development of organs and components. about 9 linear feet.


boxes 25 and 26, plus Oversize-boxes A, B, C described on p. 10:

1 Engineering drawings, 1936 to ca. 1984, various sizes: 24 x 36", 18x24", 12x18", other.

approximately 2, 000 drawings (in stack about two feet high). Oversize drawings are temporarily stored in a box 39x26x10:, a box 31x24x18", and a box 38x10x17". Most are flat; about 60 are rolled.

2 Microfilm of engineering drawings, 14 rolls.

3 Index to microfilm of engineering drawings.


box 27

1 Coordination requests, 1958-1964. 0.7 linear feet.

2 Memoranda concerning changes in design and production.

3 Layout part number index. 2 binders

4 Engineering parts list. 0.25 linear feet.


box 28

Summary: Parts books no. 1, 2, 3, 4, and an unnumbered book, in binders.


boxes 29 & 30:

1 Reports from testing laboratories, ca. 1940-1980. 1.8 linear feet.

2 The Hammond Organ, Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Instructions, Bulletin No. 1A, 1944.

3 The Hammond Organ, Manual for the Service Engineer, 1951, in ring binder.

4 Hammond Organ, Service Manual. Sections published at different times from ca. 1953, ca. 1959 and assembled in ring binder.

5 Service Manual, Models A,A-100, AB, BA, BC, BCV BV, B2, B3, C, CV, C2, C-2G, C3, D, DV, D100, E, G, GV, RT, RT-2, RT-3. (CHS received a Model B-3 organ and a Model E organ.)

6 Service Manual, Piper Autochord. (CHS received a Piper Autochord organ.)

7 Service manuals for M-3, L-100, T-300, X-77 organs.

8 Hammond Organ installations. Sections listing churches by denomination that have Hammond organs, as well as hospitals, auditoriums, funeral homes, schools and colleges, and fraternal organizations. In ring binder.

9 Places Hammond organ has been placed, in folder.


boxes 31-43:

Summary: Record of organs made, packed, and shipped, 1942-1979. Early records are on sheets, and later records are in bound volumes as described below. 16 linear feet.


Records 1942-1965: on 8.5x5.5" sheets originally kept in loose-leaf ring binders, but most were removed at some time and placed between particleboards held by rubber bands. Sheets are arranged by model number and then by serial number. Information on sheet includes serial number, remarks, date made, date packed, date shipped.


Records 1965-1969: in bound volumes by model number and then by serial number, with model numbers A to X appearing on spines. Information includes serial number followed by model number, date made, date packed, date shipped.


Records 1969-1979: in bound volumes by serial number, with serial numbers appearing on spines in several sequences.

Spine numbers start with A20,000 (Apr. 3, 1969) and go to E237,600 (Oct. 16, 1973); numbers continue consecutively and do not go back to "0" for each new letter prefix; and the letter prefixes were not part of the serial number.

Subsequent spine numbers delete the letter prefix, starting with 237,601 (Aug. 2, 1973) and going to 248, 413 (Oct. 26, 1973). Subsequent volumes are numbered from Vol. 1 (starting with serial number 300,000, made on July 17, 1973) and going to Vol. 25 (ending with serial number 1,056,692, made on May 17, 1979).

Vol. 19 is missing.

Information includes serial number, model number, date made, date packed, date shipped.


boxes 44 & 45:

Summary: Materials concerning hearings and report of the Federal Trade Commission, 1937, on advertising claims for Hammond organs:

Official Report of Proceedings before the Federal Trade Commission, 1937, in two binders.

1 Brief of attorneys for the commission.

2 Brief for respondent.

3 Federal Trade Commission vs. Hammond Clock Co., commission's exhibits, 1937, in binder.

4 Federal Trade Commission vs. Hammond Clock Co., respondent's exhibits, 1937, in binder.

5 Federal Trade Commission, in 3 folders.


boxes 46-53:

Summary: Files from office of Donald R. Sauvey, President, concerning Personnel, Operations, Marketing & Sales, finance, International, Miscellaneous, 1979-1982. 10 linear feet:

1979 in box 46

1980 in boxes 47-49

1981 in boxes 50-51

1982 in boxes 52-53


box 54:

1 Hammond national distribution status, 1968, in binder.

2 Strategic plan, 1971-1980, in ring binder.

3 Gallup study of electronic organ owners and prospective buyers for 1972, conducted for the Hammond Organ Co., in ring binder.

4 European Odyssey for Hammond dealers, 1972, in binder.

5 Report, Hammond dealer attitudes, 1973.

6 Marketing correspondence & reports, 1973, in folder.

7 Long range marketing plans, 1973-1977, in folder.

8 Industry data, 1974, in ring binder.

9 Report: Hammond dealer sales trends vs. major competitive brands, 1975, in binder.

10 Study of Hammond's Strategy in the U. S. Organ Market, discussion guide, 1975.


box 55

Marketing forecasts and reports and miscellaneous papers concerning marketing and sales, ca. 1973-ca. 1977, in folders. 1 linear foot.


box 56

1 Competition and market share, 1972-1974, in folder.

2 New product planning, 1974, in folder.

3 Sales analysis, 1975, in folder.

4 Piper Organ, 1972, in folder.

5 Performance and factory overhead reports, 1975, in folder.

6 Financial projections, 1974-1976, in folder.

7 Regular & Piper orders vs. shipments, 1971-1978, in bound ledger.

8 Regular & Piper orders vs. shipments, 1972-1977, in bound ledger.

9 Combined Hoc-Nh-Hoe shipments for calendar 1977, in ring binder.

10 Summary marketing budgets, 1980, in ring binder.

11 Export shipments, 1978, 1979, 1980. in binder.


box 57

1 Budget, 1973-1976, in computer printout in binder.

2 Dealer planned quota analysis, Jan-Dec, 1977; Monthly district sales model analysis, Jan-Dec., 1977; Monthly dealer sales analysis, Jan-Dec.,1977, all in computer printout in binder.

3 Monthly district sales analysis, Dec. 1980, in computer printout in binder.


box 58

1 Target analysis report, 1980,in computer printout in binder.

2 Hammond Financial Service Company operating manual, ca. 1980, in binder.

3 List of dealers, service centers, sales managers, ca. 1980, in ring binder (no label).

4 District sales maps & dealer quotas, 1982, in ring binder.

5 Seventh Economic Council of the Music Industry, the Action Plan for Increasing Music Participation in America, 1983, in binder.

6 Co-op programs, in binder.

7 Hammond's Retail Sales Development Program meeting guide #1-#8, in four binders.


box 59

1 Letters and mailings to dealers, ca. 1974-1985. 0.2 linear feet, in folders.

2 Order forms, ca. 1970-1980. 0.1 linear feet, in folder.

3 Newspaper advertisements (camera ready copy), ca. 1970-1980. 0.2 linear feet, in folders.

4 Scripts for radio and television advertisements, in folder.

5 Advertisements and programs for concerts by Hammond Artists. 0.1 linear feet, in folder.

6 Miscellaneous advertising pieces. 0.1 linear feet, in folder.


box 60

Summary: Merchandising Job Envelopes, 1972-1973. 1 linear foot. These include texts of slide talks for sales presentations and orders for promotional materials. They also include other materials listed elsewhere such as product sheets describing organs, photographs of organs, playing guides, owner's manuals, music collections, buttons and banners, and similar items used in marketing and sales campaigns were selected from merchandising job envelopes at the Hammond factory on Diversey Avenue in Chicago.


box 61

Summary: Correspondence and reports concerning labor relations, 1961-1974:


1 Union activity, Bloomingdale agreement, 1961-1974

2 Union activity, Diversey & Western, 1968

3 Union activity, Melrose Park agreement, 1971-1974

4 Labor contract, Hammond Organ Division

5 Unfair labor practices issues, Hammond Organ Division

6 Union activity, all plants, 1967

7 Union election, all plants, 1965


box 62

Summary: Miscellaneous records in folders labeled:

1 Bridge table

2 Brochures, organ

3 Clocks

4 Correspondence

5 HOC acquisitions

6 Hammond Corp. identity

7 Hammond Organ Company fact sheet

8 Hammond news releases

9 Hammond Organ Company letterhead

10 HOC personnel

11 Hammond profile resumes

12 Leslie Speakers

13 Notes, financial info., reports, etc.

14 Product line

15 Sikeston Woodworking Company fact sheet

16 Sikeston letterhead, envelopes

17 Tax exemption forms

18 Tone cabinets

19 Trademark, domestic: clocks

20 Trademarks, foreign: clocks

21 Trade shows


Box 62

1 Scrapbook, 1935-1938 of clippings on Hammond Organ Company & brochures issued by the company, perhaps assembled by Laurens Hammond (formerly housed in box 3)



Everett and Hammond pianos. Brochures, in envelope.

1 Keyboard guides, in folder.

2 Letters from conductors and other musicians, 1937-1937, praising the Hammond organ, in ring binder.

3 Record retention guide, 1969. Lists types of records kept by Hammond Organ Company and makes recommendations on disposition.

4 Trust indentures and agreements, in folder.

5 Warranties, in folder.

6 Miscellaneous records, in folders.


Oversize package:

Framed certificate from committee on Sciences and the Arts, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, awarding John Price Wetherill Medal to Laurens Hammond, May 15, 1940.


OVERSIZE boxes A, B, C.

Summary: Described with boxes 25-26. Design drawings from the Hammond companies (relating to the manufacturing processes) are stored with these corporate records.


Data on sites associated with the company or the family (Updated 1998)

Please note: The owners and residents of these sites now have no relationship with the Hammond family or the company. Please respect their privacy.


Hammond Organ Company Sites:

Laurens Hammond Laboratory

456 Broome St.

New York, NY

Rented loft space in New York City. Hammond's first lab space as an independent inventor. The synchronous AC clock motor and 3D movie system were invented here, 1921-1923.


Andrews-Hammond Laboratory

616 Davis St., 2nd floor

Evanston, IL

Early lab above the Evanston store known as the "Community Kitchen," 1925-1929. Built A-Boxes," a battery eliminator for early radio sets. Hammond's old lab is now a dance studio with a camera store on the ground level.


Hammond Clock Company

4115 N. Ravenswood Av.

Chicago, IL

First move in early 1930 to this temporary rented second floor space to manufacture electric clocks. The front of this building has been extensively remodeled and only the second floor is original.


Hammond Clock Company

2911 N. Western Av.

Chicago, IL

Later move in 1930 to this five story company-owned building. The first prototype and patent model Hammond Organ was built here in 1933. The "2911" doorway was bricked up some time before mid-1931 and later records list this property as 2915 N. Western.


Hammond Factory Showroom (1)

666 Lake Shore Drive, 30th floor

Chicago, IL.

Hammond company-operated showrooms in operation as of December 1935. Hammond also had franchised dealers in 19 other U.S. cities. Most organ customers were churches with few sales to individuals.


Hammond Factory Showroom (2)

119 W. 59th St (Penthouse)

New York, NY

The Chicago (home) store was located in the old American Furniture Mart. (The address was later changed to 680 N. Lake Shore Dr., possibly to avoid negative biblical references to the "Mark of the Beast.")


Hammond Factory Showroom (3)

730 W. 7th St.

Los Angeles, CA


Hammond Organ Co.

4200 W. Diversey

Chicago, IL

Organ manufacturing, service, management, and marketing, from 1949 to 1986. A three story annex was added in 1956. This became the company headquarters but the Western Av. plant was still used for manufacturing and research.


Hammond Woodworking Plant

5008 W. Bloomingdale Av.

Chicago, IL

Produced organ consoles, other wood components, from 1937 to June 14, 1977. This plant also produced caskets for the U.S. Military during WWII (1942-1945)


Temporary Hammond Plant

4737 N. Ravenswood

Chicago, IL

Four story brick building leased April 1, 1942 for five years. Used for military projects during WWII. This building has been renovated and converted into condominiums.


Early Hammond Properties

W. George St., N. Oakley Av.

Chicago, IL

Street addresses unknown. Warehouses, possibly some manufacturing during the war years (1942-1945).


Hammond Organ Plant

23?? W. St. Paul St.

Chicago, IL

Hammond leased the second floor of this building to build Chord Organs from 1950-1963. Building is now the "St. Paul Lofts" (condominiums)


Hammond Organ Plant

4046 N. Rockwell

Chicago, IL

Property purchased Dec. 19, 1952. This plant replaced the St. Paul Street building. (Hammond may have had other leased buildings on Rockwell before 1950.)


Hammond Organ Plant

4249 N. Knox

Chicago, IL

Produced organ subassemblies/manuals. This unusual building had parking for employees on the roof.


Hammond Organ Co.

1740 N. 25th Av.

Melrose Park, IL

Service, parts warehouse, and final assembly plant for tone wheel generators from June 1956 to January 1976. The final B3s were assembled here in early 1975.


Gibbs Manufacturing & Research (AKA Gibbs Special Products Corp.)

Janesville, Wisconsin.

Hammond-owned company, produced reverberation units and other (non-organ) products from March 1961 to the late 1960s. (Prior to Hammond Accutronics Div.)


Everett Piano Co.

South Haven Michigan

Hammond bought the Everett Piano Co. in 1962. Manufactured Everett, Hammond-brand, and other private brand pianos.


Northern Electric Co., Ltd.

1261 Shearer St.

Montreal, Quebec


Canadian Subsidiary (ca. 1937). Assembled organs in Canada before and after WWII. Cabinets and non-standard electronics were manufactured locally.


As of January, 1973, Hammond Corporation operated the following eight locations:

Hammond Corporate Offices, 100 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL


Diversey Plant

Western Ave. Plant

Bloomingdale Plant

Melrose Park Plant


These older Hammond plants were still in operation in 1973.

Hammond Division

11610 Copenhagen Court

Franklin Park, IL

Hammond location used as a service center and warehouse from 1973-1966.


Southern Division

Rowland Drive

Carroll Reese Station,

Johnson City, Tennessee

Produced the Hammond "Piper" Organ (only).


Poncher Industries

225 N. First St.

Cary, IL

Produced printed circuit boards and subassemblies. This operation became Accutronics, one of several locations used for Hammond's technical division.


Accutronics Division, Past and Present:


628 North St.

Geneva, IL



185 Detroit St.

Cary, IL

Became Sound Enhancements


Accutronics, Inc.

225 N. First

Cary, IL 60013

Former Hammond Division, still produces reverb units for OEM use. (No longer pat of Hammond/Suzuki or Leslie Speakers)


Accutronics/Connor-Winfield Corp.

2111 Comprehensive Dr.

Aurora, IL 60505

Split from former Hammond Div., currently manufactures PC boards, other electronics. (No longer part of Hammond/Suzuki or Leslie Speakers)


Later Hammond locations:

Hammond Woodworking Plant

Sikeston, Missouri

Replaced the Bloomingdale Av. plant in July 1978. Hammond closed the original cabinet shop after labor problems in 1977.


Hammond International. (USA)

1060 Thorndale Av.

Bensenville, IL

Later corporate offices after the 1985 bankruptcy and reorganization.


Hammond International Pty. Ltd

Beaumont Road

Mt. Kuring-gai N.S.W., 2080


Australian Noel Crabbe bought the Hammond name and remnants of the company after the 1985 bankruptcy. Organs were manufactured in Japan.


Hammond Keyboards Canada Ltd.

50 Mural St., Unit 6

Richmond Hill

Ontario, Canada

Hammond's Canadian distributor in the late 1980s.


Hammond Suzuki Ltd.

No. 1138 Koikecho

Hamamatsu, Japan

Parent company in Japan.


Suzuki Music, USA

Oak Brook Office Center,

Oak Brook Terrace, IL

April 1989 to Nov 1989. Suzuki's US corporate headquarters.


Suzuki Music, USA

1121 N. Main

Lombard, IL

November 1989 to early 1992.


Hammond/Suzuki USA, Inc.

733 Annoreno Drive

Addison, IL 60101

Current owner and manufacturer of Hammond Organs and Leslie Speakers in the U.S. from 1992 to present.


Leslie Speaker Manufacturing:

"Brittain Sound Equipment Co."

"Electro Music Accessories Co."

3804 W. 54th St.

Los Angeles, CA

Early nameplates list this location/company names as the manufacturer of Leslie Speakers. The address, however, was that of Lou Brittain, an early Leslie partner. The partnership was dissolved after WWII and Leslie Speakers were never built at this location.


Electro Music

199 S. Fair Oaks Av.

Pasadena, CA

Early Leslie Models 30A and 30C were produced in this rented storefront from 1940-1943 and again after WWII. The current tenant is a curio shop.


Electro Music

267 S. Fair Oaks Av.

Pasadena, CA

Post-war models were built here sometime after 1946. The original building has been demolished and this location is now the site of a medical center and parking garage.


Electro Music

313 S. Fair Oaks Av.

Pasadena, CA

Leslie manufacturing until 1963. This location is now a Jamaican restaurant and medical office.


Electro Music Inc.

56 W. Del Mar Blvd.

Pasadena, CA

Final Leslie Speaker plant in California. Built by Don Leslie in 1964 and sold to CBS, Inc. In 1965. CBS produced Leslies here until 1980 when the company was sold to the Hammond Corp. Hammond's Accutronics Division built Leslies in the Chicago area until the 1985 bankruptcy.


Calo Corporation

Electro Music Division

1040 Kingsland Dr.

Batavia, IL

Post-Hammond independent Leslie production after 1965. (Electro Music name was not used after Aug. 1, 1991.) Calo Corp also had rented locations in West Chicago and St. Charles, IL.


Hammond/Suzuki USA, Inc.

733 Annoreno Drive

Addison, IL 60101

Current Hammond plant. Leslie Speakers were built here after Aug. 1, 1991. (This pre-dates organ production at this location.)


Mercotac Inc.

6195 Corte Del Cedro E.

Carlsbad, CA 92009

Manufacturing company founded by Bob Leslie (Don Leslie's brother). Mercotac is still in business and produces rotary mercury connectors for Leslie Rotosonic drums plus non-organ applications.


Hammond family sites:

William Andrew Hammond House

235 Greenwood St.

Evanston, IL

Hammond family home, ca. 1883 to mid-1909 when Idea Hammond moved to Europe with two year old Laurens and three older daughters after the suicide of William Hammond in January, 1897. The family returned to this property in 1909 and lived here until 1912.


Hammond Family Residence

1305 Forest

Evanston, IL

Hammond family lived in this home from 1912-1914. This property is one block south of the original family home on Greenwood. Also, Laurens Hammond's older sister Elizabeth is listed in the 1914 Evanston phone directory as living at "1313 Forest." This is the same property.


Early Hammond Residence

12 Gramercy Park

New York, NY

Laurens Hammond's New York residence following WWI and during the years he worked on his synchronous AC clock motor and 3D movie system projects. (1921-1923). His first lab was nearby at 456 Broome St., at this time.


Hammond Residence

418 Hamilton St.

Evanston, IL

Laurens Hammond, his first wife Mildred, and baby daughter lived in this multi-unit Evanston apartment building when they returned to Evanston in 1925 (from New York) until 1929. Hammond's mother also lived here until shortly before her death in 1938. (Laurens Hammond may have owned this building.)


Laurens Hammond Residence

1421 N. State St.

Chicago, IL

Laurens Hammond's "Gold Coast" Chicago home ca. 1930 until 1960. In later years, Hammond also maintained an apartment on Lake Shore Drive (in Chicago), a chateau in Laizet, France, and villas in Montevideo, Uruguay, and Antigua. He also owned a penthouse on Park Avenue in New York City.


Laurens Hammond Estate

63 Ford Hill Road

Cornwall, CT

Laurens Hammond's primary residence after his retirement in 1960. He lived here until his death in 1973.


Hammond Family Residence

1390 Scott Av.

Winnetka, IL

Home of Laurens Hammond's mother and sisters, Louise and Elizabeth, in 1930. (From Hammond Stockholder's Report, July 10, 1930. Also listed in 1930 Evanston phone directory.)


Chicago Historical Society

Clark St. at North Av.

Chicago, IL 60614

The Marmon Group donated old Hammond company records, artifacts, organs, and other historical data, to the Chicago Historical Society in 1986. (Source for company data, 1930-1985.)


Evanston Historical Society

225 Greenwood St

Evanston, IL 60201

Located in the "Charles Gates Dawes" House next door to the William Andrew Hammond house near Lake Michigan. Charles Gates Dawes was a Nobel Peace Prize recipient and Vice President of the United States under William McKinley. (Source for early family data, no commercial information.)


St. Marks Episcopal Church

1509 Ridge Av.

Evanston, IL

Hammond family church, ca. 1883-January 1897. (The family left this church after William Hammond's suicide.)


St. Lukes Episcopal Church

939 Hinman Av.

Evanston, IL

Laurens Hammond's boyhood church after 1909 when he and his family returned from Europe.


Graceland Cemetery

4001 N. Clark St.

Chicago, IL 60613

The cremated remains of family members deceased prior to 1939 are interred in the Hammond family plot. This includes: Rev. Henry Laurens Hammond (grandfather), Eunice Bingham Hammond (grandmother), William Andrew Hammond (father), Idea Louise Strong Hammond (mother) and one sister, Elizabeth Strong Hammond Shepard, her husband, Leonard G. Shepard, plus a niece who died as a child. Laurens Hammond is not buried here. Hammond died July 1, 1973 in Cornwall, CT, the home of his wife Roxana Scoville Hammond. His remains were cremated in Pittsfield, Mass, July 6, 1973.


Rockefeller Chapel

University of Chicago

5850 S. Woodlawn Av.

Chicago, IL 60637

Site of the U. S. Federal Trade Commission's "comparison" of the Hammond Organ and the chapel's massive pipe organ, 1936-1938.


Hammond Chess Pavilion

Lake Shore Drive at North Av.

Chicago, IL

Laurens Hammond donated $100,000 to the Chicago Park District to build this outdoor chess pavilion near the North Avenue Beach.


Harrington Organ Company

3925 W. Montrose Av.

Chicago, IL

The late Ed Harrington, the world's first Leslie Speaker dealer and "infamous Hammond bootlegger" (non-franchised discount re-seller of Hammond Organs), ca. 1939 to the early 1970s. This company is still in business.


Jensen Manufacturing Company

6601 S. Laramie Av.

Chicago, IL

Speaker manufacturing business founded by Peter Jensen in 1927 and moved to Chicago in 1929. Jensen built speaker components for Hammond and Leslie tone cabinets through the 1960s. Company is still in business but has undergone numerous corporate changes over the years. This building and nearby properties are currently owned by the Acorn Corrugated Box Company.


J. C. Deagan

770 W. Berteau

Chicago, IL

Chime and carillon manufacturer. Hammond and Deagan cooperated with related products for the church market. This building is on the corner of Ravenswood and Berteau (4300 North).


Current owners/operators of former Hammond commercial properties:

Except for Organ Service company, Inc., these companies have no association, past or present, with the former Hammond Organ company, Electro Music (Leslie Speakers), or Hammond/Suzuki, Inc., USA.


Chicago Riverfront Antique Mart

Herbert L. Levin, Owner

2929 N. Western Av.

Chicago, IL 60618

Current owner/operator of the 2915 N. Western property. (The building's address has once again been modified to make it easier to remember.) It is being converted into condominiums.


Graphics Parts International, Inc.

4321 N. Knox

Chicago, IL 60641

Current owner of the 4249 N. Knox property. Company manufactures silk printing equipment and supplies. (Graphics Parts International occupies several buildings on Knox from 4200 to 4400 North.)


Lake Star, Inc.

David L. Verduin, President

4200 W. Diversey

Chicago, IL 60639

Current owner/operator of the Diversey plant. Company is a plastics fabricator. Lake Star, Inc., also leases space in this building for other manufacturing businesses.


General Products

4045 N. Rockwell

Chicago, IL 60618

Current owner/operator of the N. Rockwell plant. Company manufactures photo albums and other photographic products. Hammond originally bought this building from Bell & Howell, a manufacturer of cameras, projectors, and other audio-visual products.


Clear Pack Company

11610 Copenhagen Court

Franklin Park, IL

Company manufactures containers and sheets.


Handy Button Machine Corp.

1750 N. 25th Av.

Melrose Park, IL

Current owner of the 1740 N. 25th Av. property. (The address has been modified slightly.)


Organ Service Company, Inc.

Jerry Welch, Owner

6475 Joliet Road, Suite B1W

La Grange, IL 60525

Former Marmon company that evolved from bankrupt Hammond Corp. in 1986. Provides organ parts and service. Originally based in the 4200 W. Diversey building, the company has since relocated to this address.


Description of some related materials not housed with the corporate records:

Related materials at the Chicago History Museum include:

In Decorative & Industrial Arts:

1a Hammond Organ, Concert Model E, made about 1940.

1b Pedal board for Hammond Organ, concert Model E.

1c Bench for Hammond Organ, Concert Model E.

2 Hammond Tone Cabinet No. F-40, made about 1950, for use with Hammond Organ, Concert Model E or Home Model B-3.

3a Hammond Organ, Home Model B-3, serial no. 90959, completed July 8, 1963.

3b Pedal board for Hammond Organ, Home Model B-3.

4 Hammond Organ, Piper Autochord, made about 1980.

5 Tone bar demonstrator in case.

6 Wall clock made by the Hammond Instrument Company, ca. 1940.


Banners used by the Hammond Organ Company:

7 "There Will Never Be A Better Time to Buy A Hammond Organ, Authorized Dealer," n.d., 31" high, 40" wide.

8 "Hammond Organ Society," ca. 1965, 31" high, 45" wide.

9 "Leslie" with logo representing tone cabinet, n.d., 30.5" high, 44.25" wide.

10 "The Piper Autochord," 1970, 32.5" high, 43.5" wide.


Buttons issued by the Hammond Organ Company:

11 "I've Seen the Sound of Hammond," 1968, 4" diameter.

12 "Hammond, Where It's Happening," 1969, 3" diameter.

13 "Musical Drop-Out? Go Hammond," 1969, 3" diameter.

14 "Who's Got the MDD?" 1972, 3" diameter.

15 "Follow the Piper Generation," ca. 1970, 3.5" diameter.

16 "Hammond Benches Denny McLain," n.d., 3" diameter.

17 "Hi-I'm ?, Hammond Organ Society," n.d., 2.5" diameter.

18 "I'm a Hammond Star Performer," n.d., 2/5" diameter.

19 "Hammond Sounder," n.d., 3.5" diameter.


Promotional pieces:

20 Vest with Piper logo (for promotion of Piper organs), fabric, orange, black, white, ca. 1970.

21 Vest with words in circle "Play a Tune-a-Day the New Instant-Play Hammond Way," fabric, red and black, ca. 1970.

22 Cap with Hammond logo (used in promotion of Piper organs), fabric, orange and black, 1970.

23a-d Arm patch with Hammond Logo, black fabric with multicolored bars forming logo, n.d.

24 Plastic bag, 18" high x 16" wide, with words "Hammond/The Sound of Success" and multicolored design showing a Hammond organ, a rainbow, a pot of gold, and a butterfly; produced for a meeting of Hammond dealers, n.d.


Sound recordings featuring Hammond organs (33 1/3 r.p.m.; 12" disk unless otherwise specified) (0MM.259):

25 "Hammond golden Jubilee album," 7" diameter.

26 Lucho Azcarraga at the Hammond Organ, "Panama Tipico," Art Records, ALP-2012.

27 Lucho Azcarraga at the Hammond Organ, "Siesta en Panama," Art Records, ALP-2008

28 Dick Bazzelle at the Hammond Organ, "Dick Bazzele Captures New Orleans After Midnight," DN-104.

29 Sal Cordaro at the Hammond Organ, "Nite Life with Sal Cordaro at the Hammond Organ," Dino V 20063, 1965.

30 Joe Cowan at the Hammond Organ, "For Your dancing Pleasure," Carellen Records.

31 Don Lee Ellis at the Hammond Organ, "From the Top, The Hammond Concorde," Don Lee Productions, DLP 1504

32 Don Lee Ellis at the Hammond Organ, "My Way, With Love, The Hammond Concorde," Don Lee Productions, DLP 1505.

33 Don Lee Ellis at the Hammond Organ, "The Ellis Touch, Deluxe Hammond Concorde," Don Lee Productions, DLP 1506.

34 Bill Harper at the Hammond Organ, "Songs You'll Always Remember, Bill Harper at the Organ and Piano," O'Brien's Recording Studios, Springfield, Ohio.

35 Alice Hitchcock at the Hammond Organ, "Alice in a Wonderland of Great Standard Hits," Mr. Ree Records.

36 Groove Holmes at the Hammond Organ, "Night Glider, Groove Merchant, GM 512.

37 Groove Holmes at the Hammond Organ, "Welcome Home," World Pacific Jazz, ST-20147

38 Rieber Hovde at the Hammond Organ, "Swingin' Better Now," Far Jazz Records, F 3137, ca. 1965.

39 Bob Kames at the Hammond Organ X-66, "Kames and Many Exciting Sounds," King 1036.

40 Don Lewis at the Hammond Organ X-77 GT, "The Don Lewis Experience," Aquarius Records, AMC 2846.

41 Jimmy McGriff and Groove Holmes at the Hammond Organ, "Giants of the Organ Come Together,' Groove Merchant, GM 520.

42 Randall-Icious #1, "Delectable Selectables (Requested by You,)" Esar Records, ES-212

43 Leslie Summers at the Hammond Organ, "After the Storm," Album 37, Tabernacle Recordings, ca. 1967.

44 Ashley Tappen at the Hammond Organ, "Hammond Hits From Hollywood," Somerset, SF-10700.

45 Fred Bock, "an Adventure in the Science of Sound and Music" (Side 1, The Science of Sound and Music, Side 2, The History of the Organ), to be used with booklet, "An Adventure in the Science of Sound and Music" (Hammond Organ Company, 1960).

46 Hammond Organ company, "Music Americana," a demonstration record, 1982. 33 1/3 r.p.m., 7" diameter. With text and order information in Merchandising Job Envelope HO-8302.

47 Hammond Organ Company, "Demonstration Record, T-200, BRS 2458.

48 Hammond Organ Company, "Demonstration Record, T-300," BRS-2496.

49 Hammond Organ Company, "Think Like a Leader" (on jacket), "A Story of Hammond Organ Advertising Leadership" (on record), including addresses by Harold C. Lembke, Vice President of Marketing, Hammond Organ Company, and executives of other companies, XCTV, 82980

50 Ellen Jane Lorenz, "Church Organ Techniques for Amateurs, Hammond Organ Edition," Lorenz Publishing Company, K80P-6887.

51 Hammond Organ company, "Retail Sales Development Program, Meeting No. 4" (Side 1, Chord Organ Demonstration; Side 2, Console Organ Demonstration), XCTV-84547.

52 Hammond Organ Company, "Demo Record, X-77 Hammond Organ," BRS 2489.

53 Hammond Organ Company, "Hammond Dealer Radio Commercials," UR4G-1913.

54 "The Music Makers," 1965, 33 1/3 r.p.m., 7" diameter.


At Chicago History Museum in Paintings and Sculpture:

55 Portrait (oil) of Laurens Hammond, signed Marrill Chase Likan.

56 Hall of Fame Award presented to Laurens Hammond by American Music Conference, June 25, 1978, consisting of glass note on square metal base enclosed in glass and wood display case.


At Chicago History Museum, Research Center:


1 Majeski, John, Jr. The story of Hammond Organ, 25 years of leadership. 1960 (The Hammond Organ's first 25 years), reprinted from The Music Trades, May, 1960. 42 p.

2 When electrons sing, the story of Hammond Organ Company, a company that created an Industry, 1934-66. Hammond Organ Company, 1966. 41 p.

3 Fifty years of musical excellence, Hammond Organ Company, 50th anniversary, 1934-1984. 16 p.

The Hammond story, 1984, 4 p.


Annual reports, 1930-1964.



1 Hammond Times, Vol. 7, No. 1 (July 1944) to Vol. 25, No. 6 (Feb 1964). 15 bound volumes. 6 issues per year

2 Hammond Times, Vol. 26, No. 1 (April 1964) to Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring 1970). Loose issues. Lacks Vol. 26, No. 6; Vol. 31, Nos. 1 and 5. 6 issues per yr.

3 Hammond Times, 1976-84. Loose issues, incomplete. Vol. 33, No. 2 (Sept-Oct, 1976); Vol. 34, No. 1 and 2; Vol. 35, No. 1 and 2; Vol. 36, No. 1; Vol. 37 , No. 1 and 2: Vol. 38, No. 1; Vol. 39, No. 1 and 2; Vol. 40, No. 1 (Spring, 1982) and an unnumbered issue dated January, 1984.

4 List, Instructional articles, Hammond Times, typescript.

5 Hammond Notes, Vol. 1, No. 1 (June 21, 1961) to Vol. 3, No. 8 (Aug 1970). In ring binder. Numbering system changed several times: at first, Vol. 1, No. 1 (June 21, 1961) to Vol. 1, No. 5 (Feb 26, 1962). Then issue numbers without volume numbers from Issue No. 1 (Nov 1962) to Issue No. 40 (Mar-Apr, 1966). Then renamed Hammond Organ Key, vol. 1, No. 1 (May-June, 1966; missing) to Vol. 2, No. 1 (May-June 1966). Then renamed Hammond Notes, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Dec, 1967) to Vol. 3, No. 8 (Aug 1970)

6 Hammond Dealer News, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1967) to Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring, 1974). 14 issues. Incomplete.

7 Hammond Organ Newsletter. Vol. 5, No. 3 and 4, n.d.

8 Hammond NAMM Show Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2 (June, 1969)

9 Tips for Teachers, a Publication for Hammond Organ Teachers, Vol. 7, No. 3 (June, 1968)



Irwin, Stevens. Dictionary of Hammond-organ stops. New York, G. Schirmer, Inc., c. 1939



1 Are you wondering about organs? n.d., 7 p.

2 The competitive edge, Spring 1974 Hammond Organ professional sales conference, 1974. 22 p.

3 The electric organ, key to careers in manufacturing. Selling, teaching, performing arts, n.d. 11 p.

4 Find the full joy of music by playing it yourself ? on a Hammond Organ, n.d. 13 p.

5 49 tested plans to raise a church organ fund, n.d. 7 p.

6 Hammond in the home, n.d. 11 p.

7 The Hammond concert organ, n.d.

8 A Hammond Happening! Teachers' Manual, 1980. 48 p. plus inserted sheets.

9 A Hammond Happening. It Should Happen to You! Teacher's Manual 2nd edition. 1982. 53 p.

10 The Hammond organ exclusive harmonic drawbars, n.d. 19 p.

11 Hammond organ guide for church music, Vol. 1, n.d. 63 p.

12 Hammond organ in schools and colleges, n.d.

13 Hammond, E.S.P., extraordinary sales potential, a dynamic sales course for Hammond organ salesmen, n.d. 35 p.

14 Hammond SMC, sales master's clinic, a master class for professional Hammond organ salesmen, n.d. 27 p.

15 The Hammond way, makin' it go at fair and show, n.d. 13 p.

16 How to get a Hammond Organ for your school, n.d. 10 p.

17 How to plan and run a successful group teaching program, n.d.

18 How to raise the organ fund for your church. n.d. 2 copies (different printings)

19 The hows, whys and what-fors of service center operations, prepared by Product Service Dept., Hammond Organ Co., May 1974.

20 Meet the Hammond organ ? a new way of life, n.d.

21 Meet the Hammond tonebar organ, 1969, 22 p.

22 The new sound of music can be you at the Hammond organ, 1964. 19 p.

23 Partial list of the Hammond organ in schools and colleges. 1962.

24 Sales talk in action, Hammond organ, spinet models, console models, n.d. 47 p.

25 The science and sound of musical tone, 1969. 12 p.

26 Selecting the right organ; how to choose the right organ for you, by Gladys Blair, n.d.

27 Starting your children on the pleasant path to music, n.d.

28 Why we bought our Hammond organ, n.d.

29 Your keyboard to happiness ? with a Hammond organ.

30 Your shopping center needs a Hammond organ dealer, 1974.



1 Hammond organs, n.d. 10 one-fourth high x 15 one-half wide

2 Hammond organs, 1949. 15 p.

3 Hammond Organ, Music's most glorious voice. n.d. 15 p.

4 Hammond Organ, Music's Most Glorious Voice, 1951. 15 p.

5 The Hammond Organ, Music's Most Glorious Voice, 1953, 18 p.

6 Music's Most Glorious Voice ? Hammond organ, 1963. 23 p.

7 Music's Most Glorious Voice, Hammond Organ, 1965. 23 p.

8 Music's Most Glorious Voice, n.d. 21 pp.

9 Hammond organ, institutional models for churches & chapels, schools, public auditoriums, 1965.

10 What turns families on? Hammond organs, n.d.

11 Organos Hammond. n.d.

12 Hammond organ, music catalog, n.d. 110 p.


Product books:

(These contain a color photograph and description of each model together with charts comparing features of different model, in ring binders so that sections could be added or changed from time to time.)

1 Hammond organ, music's most glorious voice, organs, tone cabinets, pianos, 1967. Copy that belonged to Robert H. Nelson.

2 Hammond organ, where it's happening, about 1971. Sections on tonebar organs, tone wheel organs, all-tab organs, electronic organs, tone cabinets and accessories, merchandising aids.

3 Hammond organ, where it's happening. Note on title page states "7/67 + others". Note on cover states "Composite of 3 issues less pianos, improved order, 4/23/77". Includes all-tab organs, tonebar organs, electronic organs, in alphabetical order by model number.

4 Specifications book. Photocopies of sheets with specifications and prices of different models. Alphabetical order by model in ring binder.

5 Ring binder containing separately issued leaflets describing different models of organs, together with photographs.

6 Hammond Organ Company, Product Information, n.d. Binder containing photographs of organs mounted on sheets with information on back concerning suggested list price, dealer discount, dealer cost, gross margin


Product information sheets:.

Leaflets, product data sheets, specification sheets, and advertising pieces that describe a specific model or series of models. 0.3 linear feet. Includes duplicates that will be weeded and discarded later.


Price lists:

Ring binder containing price lists for organs issued by the Hammond Organ Company from 1963-72. Also contains price lists for Everett pianos, Gibbs Special Products Corporation (car stereo speakers, etc.), and Wells Lamont Corporation (work, garden, and dress gloves).

Price lists, 1968-84, in folder.


Examples of information packets supplied to new owners:

Summary: These consisted of an owner's guide, the first volume of an organ course, a songbook, the warranty, and other leaflets. Because of duplication, especially of organ courses and songbooks, only three examples were kept intact in plastic sleeves.

1 For the Aurora Classic: Owners guide, Hammond Touch Organ Course 1, Hammond Easy Play Songbook, warranty, miscellaneous sheets.

2 For the Hammond Piper II: Owners guide; Moonbeams, Piper II songbook Series; Hammond Touch Organ Course Chord Finder; warranty, miscellaneous sheets.

3 For the Series 125XL: Hammond Fun Folio (owner's guide); Hammond Touch Organ Course 1; Hammond Easy Play Songbook; upper, lower, and pedal keyboard guides; warranty; miscellaneous sheets.


Owner's manuals and playing guides:

1 General guide for tonebar organs

2 Hammond Organ Owner's Playing Guide for Console Models D-100, RT-3, B-3, C-3 and A-100 Series

3 Locking Top Consoles, Owner's Playing Guide, for models A-105, B-3. C-3,. D-152RT-3

4 Hammond Spinet Organ Playing Guide

5 Aurora Classic Owners Guide

6 Autochord II, 9200C/9500C, Play the Hammond Autochord way now

7 Autochord registration and rhythm charts for 5100, 7100 series, 9200, 9500 series

8 Cadette Series, Hammond's New 10-Day Instant Play, instruction book with record entitled "Play a Tune-a Day the New Instant-Play Hammond Way."

9 Century Owners guide

10 Chord Organ Owner's Playing Guide

11 Meet the Hammond Chord Organ

12 Chord organ, Let's have more fun at the Hammond chord organ, laying tips by Ted Branin.

13 Colonnade Owners Guide

14 Commodore Owners Guide

15 Condor Sound System Owner's Manual

16 Everett Organ, Owner's Playing Guide

17 Everett Spinet Organ, Everyone can learn to play the Everett spinet organ using this easy system

18 Extravoice Organ, Owner's Instruction sheet

19 Novachord, Introduction, Directions for Playing

20 Piper Autochord, Follow ? the Piper Autochord, Owner's Playing Guide

21 Piper Autochord, Follow the Piper Autochord to instant playing fun

22 The Hammond Piper II leads the way to musical fun

23 Sounder Playing guide for Models I and III

24 Introducing the Hammond Sounder III

25 Sounder, Comment Jouer de l'orgue (French and English)

26 Synthesizer Demo Guide

27 Synthesizer with Auto-Patch, (Playing guide)

28 B-300, Owner's Manual

29 E-100, E-300, Owners Manual

30 E-100, E-300, Owners Manual (another version)

31 E-200 Series Church Organ, Owners Manual

32 H-Series, Owner's Playing Guide

33 H-Series, Institutional Owner's Manual

34 H-100 Series, Owners Manual

35 H-100 Series, Owner's Manual (another version)

36 J-Series spinets, Owner's Playing Guide

37 J-100 Series, Owner's Manual

38 J-200 Series, Owner's Manual

39 L-Series and M-Series, Owner's Playing Guide

40 L-Series and M Series, Owner's Playing Guide (another version)

41 L-Series and T-Series, Supplement to Owner's Manuals

42 L-100 Series, Owner's Playing Guide

43 L-100A, Owner's Manual Supplement

44 M-100 Series, Owner's Playing Guide

45 M-100A, Owner's Manual Supplement

46 R-Series, Owner's Playing Guide

47 S-100 Series, Chord Organ, Owner's Playing Guide

48 T-Series, Owner's Playing Guide

49 T-Series, Owner's Manual

50 T-Series, Institutional Owner's Manual

51 VS Series, Owner's Playing Guide

52 X-2 Guide

53 X-5 Guide

54 X-66 Owner's Manual

55 X-66 Playing Guide

56 X-77 Owner's Manual

57 Xtp, Owner's Playing Guide

58 Model 123, Hammond Fun Folio Owner's manual)

59 Model 123 XL, Hammond Fun Folio (Owner's manual)

60 Series 123-124 (Romance), Special Effects Guide

61 Model 125, Hammond Fun Folio (owner's manual)

62 Models 134/136, Owners Guide

63 Models 346-350, the Laurena Hammond, Owner's Guide (This model was planned for production starting in1985 but was never produced because the company was sold.)

64 Model 810, Owner's Manual

65 Model 820, Owner's Manual

66 Models 810 and 820, Institutional Demonstration Guide

67 2100 Series, Meet the Hammond (owner's manual)

68 Model 2300, Hammond Portfolio, Playing Guide

69 4000 Series, Meet the Hammond (owner's manual)

70 5000 Series, Meet Your Hammond (owner's manual)

71 7100 Series, Meet Your Hammond Organ (owner's manual)

72 Models 8100 and 8200, Hammond Portfolio, Playing Guide

73 Model 8200, Hammond Portfolio, Playing Guide

74 9000 Series, Hammond Portfolio, Playing guide

75 9000 Series, Meet Your Hammond (owner's manual)

76 9400 Series, Meet Your Hammond (owner's manual)

77 11100 Series, Meet the Hammond (owner's manual)

78 Series 123200, Hammond Fun Folio (owner's manual)

79 Models 123300 and 124300, Su Manual Hammond de Diversion Musical (Spanish edition for models

80 123 and 124 renumbered 123300 and 124300)

81 Series 124200, Hammond Fun Folio (owner's manual)

82 Composer 138100, Owners Guide

83 Model 16000, Hammond Portfolio, Playing Guide


Instruction books for Hammond Organ courses:

1 Hammond Organ Course, Teacher's Manual, 1966

2 Hammond Organ Course, Musical Appendix, 1966

3 Hammond Organ Course, Introductory Manual, 1966

4 Sheet Music, No. 1 to No. 20, 1966, to accompany Hammond Organ Course, Introductory Manual, 1966

5 A Teacher's Guide to Hammond touch, the new Hammond organ course, 1971

6 Hammond Touch 1, a beginning guide to playing fun, the new Hammond organ course, 1971

7 Hammond Chord Finder, 1971

8 Hammond Touch, Registration Chart, 1973

9 Hammond Touch I, organ course, second edition, a beginning guide to playing fun, 1978

10 The New Hammond Organ Course, 1979 (sheets in folder

11 Touch Organ Course, third edition, a beginning guide to playing fun, Part I, 1980

12 Touch Organ Course, third edition, a beginning guide to playing fun, Part 1, using Hammond's most recent organ features, 1982

13 Touch Organ Corse/Orgel-Kursus/Cours D'Orgue/Curso De Organo, third edition, a beginning guide to playing fun (English, German, French, Italian), 1980

14 Hammond Organ Teachers' Handbook, by Porter Heaps, n.d.

15 Compose-A-Chord, Your personal Hammond teacher, 1982 (sheets in folder)

16 Introducing the Pointer System for the Hammond organ, Pre-book I.


Music collections and songbooks for Hammond Organ:

1 Beginnings, Easy Plan Music Series

2 The Chapel Hour, Preludes, Offertories, Postludes

3 Easy Play Songbook

4 Easy Play Songbook, Composer Series

5 E-Z Play Today Songbook

6 Everyone Can Learn to Play the Hammond Spinet Organ, Here's Where The Fun Begins, 30000 Series, K-100 Series


Music collections and songbooks for Hammond Autochord:

1 Jet Set

2 Jigsaw


Music collections and songbooks for Piper Autochord:

1 The Piper Autochord Songbook, 50 Top Hits

2 All Flavors, 23 Favorites

3 Flamin'Pops, 23 Swingin' Hits

4 Forget-Me-Nots, 23 Golden Oldies

5 Harmony Grits, 23 Country Hits

6 Hymns For all, 23 Songs of Faith

7 Lead the Band

8 Light ?n' Lively, 25 Mixed Standards

9 Love Notes, 25 Nostalgic Songs

10 Peaches ?n' Cream 25 Pop Standards

11 Pops ?n' Stuff, 25 Top Hits

12 Right On, 25 Super Pops

13 The Singables, 25 Sing-Alongs

14 Unforgettables, 25 Irving Berlin Hits

15 Yule Songfest, 25 Christmas Songs


Piper II songbook series:

1 After Hours, 19 Easy-To-Play Melodies

2 Classy Classics, 19 Classical Themes

3 Moonbeams, 19 Top Standards

4 Pizza Parlor Fun, 19 Singalong Favorites

5 Safe ?n' Breezy, 19 All-Time Requests


Music collections and songbooks for the Sounder Organ:

1 Chow Chow

2 Classique

3 Latin Caravan

4 Mistletoe

5 Pop Melange

6 Show Biz

7 Tossed Salad

8 21 Flavors


Playing guides and songbooks with cassette tapes:

1 Hammond Sound 1, The New Hammond Cassette Series, songbook plus cassette tape entitled Hammond Sound 1 containing "Merrily We Roll Along," "When the Saints Go Marching In," etc. (A music minus one tape providing orchestral background.)

2 The Piper Autochord Playing Guide, 25 Popular songs, with cassette entitled Lead the Band containing "Alley Cat Song," "Spanish Eyes," etc. (A music minus one tape providing orchestral background.)

3 The Piper Autochord Lead the Band (song collection), with cassette entitled Lead the Band (not same as preceding cassette) containing "Alfie," "Moon River," etc. (A music minus one tape providing orchestral background.)

4 The Piper Autochord Cassette Library. Cassette holder with two cassettes: (1) Orientation Tape, and (2) Lead the Band Tape.


At Chicago History Museum in Prints and Photographs:

Photographs mostly 8x10 b&w prints; some 8x10 color prints, and some 35 mm. color transparencies:


Photographs of Laurens Hammond:

1 Portrait

2 Portrait (another pose)

3 Hammond with stereoscope viewing device that he invented (patented 1922)

4 Hammond at console of Model A organ, c. 1935.

5 Hammond standing beside Model A organ, c. 1935

6 Hammond with John Hanert at console of Novachord, c. 1939.

7 Hammond at console with John Hanert testing Solovox, c. 1940 (2 views)

8 Hammond, Alec Templeton, and others with Novachord, 1939 (3 views)

9 Hammond with Fahey Flynn, 1956, for TV program "this is the Midwest" (3 views)

10 Office with oil painting of Hammond

11 8 other views of Hammond with organs or electronic apparatus


Photographs of staff of the Hammond Organ Company;

6 items


Photographs of Hammond Organ Company buildings:

10 items


Photographs of organists playing Hammond organs:

1 Phil Baker, 1939

2 Ernesto Barbini, assistant conductor, Metropolitan Opera, 1951

3 Irv Carroll with Solovox at Jack Dempsey's Restaurant

4 Buddy Cole, 1945

5 Del Courtney at Service Men's Center, 1942

6 Dezzo D'Antalffy (organist at Radio City Music Hall) at Hammond Model E

7 Milt Herth (3 views)

8 Porter Heaps

9 Hildegarde at the Solovox at the Savoy Plaza, New York (3 views)

10 Lotta Lehmann (Metropolitan Opera star) at the Novachord

11 Fritz Reiner at the Hammond Model A with Lauritz Melchior and Mrs. Melchior nearby

12 Sigmund Romberg at the Hammond Model M

13 Sigmund Romberg receiving plaque from Paul Owsley when Romberg purchased first Novachord, 1939 (3 views)

14 Albert Schweitzer at the Concert Model RT-3

15 Hazel Scott at the Solovox

16 Ethel Smith

17 Ethel Smith with Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra (3 views)

18 Lawrence Welk with Donald Sauvey, Bob Ralston (organist), and John Felice, 1981

19 Paul Whiteman at the Hammond Model A


In motion pictures:

1 Virginia Bruce in "The wooden Wedding," MGM

2 Virginia Bruce with Robert Montgomery in "The Wooden Wedding" MGM (2 views)

3 Fifi D'Orsay at Hammond Model B in Three Legionnaires." RKO-Pathe

4 Dolly Loehr at Hammond Model E in "Hard Boiled Canary," Paramount

5 Robert Paige at Hammond Model C with Vera Ralston in "The Flame," 1948

6 Irving Pichel at Hammond Model B in "Armored Car," Universal, 1937

7 Cesar Romero at Hammond Model B in "Armored Car, Universal, 1937

8 Cesar Romero at Hammond Model B with Robert Wilcox in "Armored Car," Universal, 1937

9 Robert Wilcox at Hammond Model B in "Armored Car," Universal, 1937

10 Unidentified actress in fox Movietone fashion newsreel, 1940


Unidentified people at Concorde, Maverick, and other Hammond organs, 5 items

Of specific organ models:

410 B/W and color 8x10 prints, and about 15 small color transparencies.

These are arranged by model number:

1 A-X77

2 125-820165

By name: of organ subassemblies from Engineering Department: about 100 small prints and 20 color transparencies.

Of tone cabinets: 7 items

Of pianos: 11 items

Of automatic bridge table (patented in 1932): 21 items

Of miscellaneous views: 20 items

Negatives (4x5 and 8x10): About 60 items

Slides: 299 35 mm. slides in three carousels:

1 Unmarked tray. Concerns development of Hammond Organ Co. 53 slides

2 Tray A, Gerry Scott, Salesmaster. 137 slides. Concerns different organ models and sales strategies.

3 Tray B, J. C. Crum. 109 slides. Sales strategies.



1 "Fifty years of musical excellence," 11x8 1/2"

2 "Hammond, twenty-seven reasons why we're still number one, 13 1/2x11"

3 "Hammond concert ? featuring Ed Galley," 13 3/4 x17 3/4"

4 "The Hammond Golden Jubilee Album. Free! Hammond Golden Jubilee LP Record Album," 12 1/2 x 25"

5 "The Hammond Sounder makes the impossible possible," Duke Ellington, 20x14 3/4"

6 "Hearing is believing, take part in a ?Don Lewis experience,'" 18x14

7 "Made in the U.S.A. Made for you! Hammond organ," 11x17"

8 "Musical Drop-out? Go Hammond," 16x12 1/2"

9 "Redeem your Hammond coupons here," 18x35"

10 "Win a trip to an organ festival from Hammond," 35 x23"


Posters on posterboard designed to stand on counters:

1 "Buy me and receive a $100 value music pack free," 5 x 7"

2 "Duke Ellington on the Hammond Piper," 12 3/4 x 9 3/4"

3 "Hammond's composer sweepstakes," 1x8 1/2"

4 "Hammond ? the first name in organ sound," 1 3/4 x 8 1/2 "

5 "Hammond's toast to champagne music ? Lawrence Welk ?" 11 x 8 1/2"


Transfer decal (with text and design in reverse): a figure representing a piper carrying a Piper organ, with text "I played the Piper II, How about you?" Color (red, yellow, black). 14 3/4 x 12 "Sound motion pictures concerning the Hammond Organ company (16 mm. unless otherwise specified):

1 "The Beginning," history of Hammond Organ Co., 1972, 7" reel, 8 minutes (3 copies).

2 "Creative Prospecting," A Dallas Jones Production, n.d., B/W, 7" reel.

3 "Denny McClain/Joey Bishop Show," Jan 8, 1969, 7" reel.

4 "Hammond Organ."

5 "Hammond Organ Showcase," Dec 9, 1964, 10" reel

6 "Hammond Organ, Part 1", WTTW Channel 11, 1970, 12" reel.

7 "Hammond Organ, Part 9," WTTW Channel 11, 1970, 12" reel

8 "Hammond Organ," Piper Organ demonstration by Tom Thompson, 1971, 10" reel.

9 "Hammond Piper Presents Make Music" (Part I, Retail, Consumer; Part II, Retail), produced by Take Ten, Inc., n.d., 12" reel.

10 "How to Demonstrate a Piper," 1971, WTTW Recording Services, 10" reel.

11 "Interpretations in Tone," A History of Organs, Fred A. Niles Productions, n.d., composite B/W TV release print, 7" reel (2 copies).

12 "The Kind of Music You Want," A Dallas Jones Production, n.d. 12" reel.

13 "Meet the Organ #3, Music for Worship," Film & Video Tape Division, WTTW Channel 11, 1963, 12" reel

14 "Meet the Organ #5, Organ in the ?60s," Film & Video Tape Division, WTTW Channel 11, 1963, 12" reel.

15 "Music for Our Church," a Dallas Jones Production, n.d., 10" reel.

16 "Music for Your Church," a Dallas Jones Production, n.d., 12" 433l, 20 minutes.

17 "Music to Live By," A Burt Monk Production, n.d., 9" reel.

18 "Playtime is Paytime," Fred A. Niles Productions, n.d., B/W release print #3, 9" reel.

19 "The Science of Sound and Musical Tone," 1968, Brought To You Free by Hammond Organ ? from Modern Talking Picture Service, 16 mm. sound film.

20 "The Science of Sound and Musical Tone," produced for Burt Monk Productions by Geo. W. Colburn Lab, Aug. 8, 1968, 8 mm. 2 rolls (not on reels), one 7" diameter, one 9" diameter, both in one 11" diameter can.

21 "Success with Creative Selling. A Dallas Jones Production, No. 6, n.d., 12" reel.

22 "Your Voice in a New Market," Fred A. Niles Productions, n.d., composite print # 11, 9" reel.


Videotapes produced for the Hammond Organ Co

1 Hammond Network Presents "Concorde with Rosemary", 1973.

2 Hammond Video Network Presents "Duke Ellington Presents ?The Piper,'" 1973.

3 "Hammond Organ," Treeflower Films, 1976.

4 "Hammond Organ", Jerry Scott "The Trap", n.d.

5 Hammond Video Network, "Product Presentation for Retail Salesman, "The Hammond Tonebars," n.d.

6 Hammond Video Network, "Product Presentation for Retail Salesman, ?The Sounder,'" n.d.

7 Hammond-Lawrence Welk," Advertisement for Lawrence Welk album featuring Hammond organ, Dec 4, 1980. Also audio cassette and open reel audio tape versions of "Lawrence Welk album offer," Dec 3, 1980; and "Hammond L. Welk," Jan 9, 1981.